- Lodi Dynasty came after Sayyid dynasty and ruled until A.D. 1526.
Lodi Dynasty (1451–1526)
- Lodi dynasty was originally from Afghan who ruled Delhi Sultanate for about 75 years.
- Bahlul Lodi, who founded the dynasty and ruled Delhi from 1451 to 1489. After his death in 1489, his second son Sikandar Lodi succeeded the throne.
- Sikandar Lodi took the title of Sikandar Shah. It was Sikandar Lodi who founded Agra city in 1504 and moved capital from Delhi to Agra.
- Sikandar Lodi, further, abolished the corn duties and patronized trade and commerce in his kingdom.
- After Sikandar Lodi, Ibrahim Lodi (the youngest son of Sikandar Lodi) became sultan. Ibrahim Lodi was the last ruler of Lodi dynasty who ruled from 1517 to 1526.
- Ibrahim Lodi was defeated by Babur in 1526, in the first battle of Panipat and from now Mughal Empire established.
- The Lodi kings tried to consolidate the Sultanate and attempted to curb the power of rebellious governor.
- Sikandar Lodi who ruled from 1489-1517, controlled the Ganges valley up to western Bengal.
- Sikandar Lodi moved capital from Delhi to Agra, as he felt that he could control his kingdom better from A gra. He also tried to strengthen the loyalty of the people by various measures of public welfare.
- During the sultanate period, the nobles played a powerful role. Sometimes, they even influenced state policy and sometimes (as governors), they revolted and became independent rulers or else usurped the throne of Delhi.
- Many of these nobles were Turkish or Afghani, who had settled in India.
- Some of the nobles were men who came to India only in search of their fortune and worked for the Sultan.
- After Ala-ud-din Khilji, Indian Muslims and Hindus were also appointed as officers (nobles).
- The Sultan followed the earlier system of granting the revenue from a piece of land or a village to the (noble) officer instead of paying them salary.