NEW POLICY INITIATIVES:
- The National Biotechnology Development Strategy-2015-2020 is the direct result of formal and informal consultations over the past two years with over 300 stakeholders including scientists, educators, policy makers, leaders of industry and civil society, voluntary and non-government organizations, regulators and international experts.
- The consultations offered an opportunity to discuss and evaluate technological, societal and policy aspirations, critical success factors as well as barriers that will impede growth and put them in newer and broader perspective and action plan.
- A roundtable discussion was held with key stakeholders to discuss the roadmap for 2020.
- The key elements would be implemented in collaboration and partnership with Other Ministries, Departments, State Governments and international agencies towards achieving:
II. SWASTH BHARAT
1. India is today a leading Vaccine Manufacturing Hub:
The Vaccine Grand Challenge Programme is under implementation to encourage novel and innovative vaccine related discoveries, accelerated development of candidate vaccines. Some major achievements are:
(i). Rotavirus vaccine launched by Hon’ble Prime Minster : The first indigenously developed and manufactured Rotavirus vaccine ‘Rotavac.’from an Indian strain 116E was launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 9th March, 2015. The indigenously developed vaccine will boost efforts to combat infant mortality due to diarrhoea. ROTAVAC developed in collaboration with Bharat Biotech under the Public-Private Partnership mode is efficacious in preventing severe rotavirus diarrhoea in low-resource settings in India. ROTAVAC significantly reduced severe rotavirus diarrhoea by more than half – 56 percent during the first year of life, with protection continuing into the second year of life. Moreover, the vaccine also showed impact against severe diarrhoea of any cause. The developed Rotavirus Vaccine at $1 per dose has been cleared for market license. Potential to prevent >500K childhood diarrheal deaths. The NTAGI of M/o Health & FW has approved introduction of the vaccine in EPI in a pilot mode.
(ii). Malaria Vaccine: Vaccine for falciparum malaria is under toxicology assessment (JAIVAC 2) and vaccine for vivax malaria has completed Phase I trial (JAIVAC1).
(iii). Dengue Vaccine: The recombinant EDIII-based sub-unit dengue vaccine candidate is being developed in the form of VLPs using the yeast P. pastoris as an expression host.
- India is a Partner country for the ‘Mission Innovation’ (MI) which is an effort of 23 participating countries towards accelerating global clean energy innovation.
- This was launched on 30th November, 2015 during COP-21 in the presence of Hon’ble Prime Minister. The Department of Biotechnology is the nodal agency for India.
- A delegation led by Union Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences Dr. Harsh Vardhan participated in the First Ministerial Meeting in San Francisco in June, 2016. The country’s R&D investment doubling plan was presented.
- Seven Innovation Challenges were announced during the COP-22 in Marrakech in November, 2016.
- India is the land for the Smart Grid Challenge.
l Seven Innovation Challenges
Ø Smart Grids: To enable future smart grids that are powered by affordable, reliable, decentralised renewable electricity systems.
Ø Off-Grid Access to Electricity: To develop systems that enable off grid households and communities to access affordable and reliable renewable electricity.
Ø Carbon Capture: To enable near-zero CO2 emissions from power plants and carbon intensive industries.
Ø Sustainable Biofuels: To develop ways to produce, at scale, widely affordable, advanced biofuels for transportation and industrial applications.
Ø Converting Sunlight to create storable solar fuels: To discover affordable ways to convert sunlight into storable solar fuels.
Ø Clean Energy Materials: To accelerate the exploration, discovery, and use of new high-performance, low-cost clean energy materials.
Ø Affordable Heating and Cooling of Buildings: To make low-carbon heating and cooling affordable for everyone