Migratory Birds at Chilika lake of Odisha


  • Chilika lake in Odisha, Asia’s biggest brackish water lagoon, saw an increase in the number of migratory birds this winter compared to the previous year.


  • The Chilika Wildlife Division (CWD), Chilika Development Authority and Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) jointly carry out the annual bird census at the Ramsar site.

    Chilika lake
    Photo Credit: Hrusikesh Mohanty
  • Habitat improvement, availability of food and eviction of the prawn gherries (enclosures) in the lake are some of the reasons for the increase

Key Birds sighted at Chilika lake

  • River Lapwing (Vanellus duvaucelii), a tiny bird of the lapwing species, on the Mangalajodi side of the lake after a decade.
  • Gadwall and Northern Pintail contributed the most to the surge, followed by Eurasian Wingeon.
  • The number of Northern Shoveler, Tufted Ducks and Red Crested Pochard increased compared to last year.
  • The birds mainly come from Northern Eurasia, the Caspian region, Siberia, Kazakh, Lake Baikal and the remote parts of Russia and its neighbouring countries.

Source: DTE

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