The latest edition of the National Institute Ranking Framework 2023 (NIRF) revealed no major upsets in terms of the results, with the IITs continuing their dominance in most categories recently released by the Minister of State for Education.
Key Findings of National Institute Ranking Framework 2023
- The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Madras has secured the top spot for the fifth consecutive year.
- IIT-Madras also bagged the first position in engineering for the eighth year in a row and was assessed as the second-best research institution in the country, narrowly missing the top spot by 2.2 marks, which was claimed by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru.
- Interestingly, IISc, which the QS World University Rankings has adjudged as the top research university globally, ahead of Harvard, Princeton University and MIT, was edged out to the second position in the ‘overall’ category for the fifth consecutive year.
- A closer look at the score breakdown shows IISc (with 83.09 marks) falls behind IIT-Madras (86.69 marks) on parameters such as student strength, online education, published and granted patents, and the number of economically and socially deprived students.
- Further, this category is dominated by Institutes of National Importance set up by an Act of Parliament.
- Of the 100 institutions in the ‘overall’ category, 36 are INIs such as IITs and NITs, 26 are state universities, and seven are central universities.
- Ranks third to tenth in the ‘overall’ category have been secured by IIT-Delhi, IIT-Bombay, IIT-Kanpur, All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in Delhi, IIT-Kharagpur, IIT-Roorkee, IIT-Guwahati and Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU).
- The top 10 institutions under this category are largely consistent with last year’s rankings, with only AIIMS gaining three positions and moving up from Rank 9 to Rank 6 this year.
- NIRF-2023 assessed 5,543 higher education institutions across 13 categories – ‘overall’, universities, medical, engineering, management, law, architecture, colleges, research institutions, pharmacy, dental, agriculture and allied sectors, and innovation.
- The agriculture category was introduced this year.
- The participating institutions were evaluated on five criteria — teaching, learning and resources (30%); research and professional practice (30%); graduation outcomes (20%); outreach and inclusivity (10%); and perception (10%).
- In the universities’ bracket, IISc, JNU, Jamia Millia Islamia, Jadavpur University and Banaras Hindu University have been ranked top five, in that order.
- Almost half of the top 100 universities are privately owned. Among them are Manipal Academy of Higher Education-Manipal (Rank 6), Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Rank 7), Vellore Institute of Technology (Rank 8), Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences (Rank 13), Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Rank 15), and Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (Rank 16).
- Interestingly, Ashoka University, which made its NIRF debut in 2021 at the 95th position and climbed to 88th rank last year, is missing from the top 100 universities’ list this time.
- Delhi University’s Miranda House is the country’s best college for the seventh year in a row, followed by Hindu College, Presidency College in Chennai, PSGR Krishnammal College for Women in Coimbatore, and St. Xavier’s College in Kolkata.
- The IITs continue to showcase their engineering dominance, securing eight out of the top 10 ranks. Leading the pack is IIT-Madras, followed by the IITs in Delhi, Mumbai, Kanpur, Roorkee, Kharagpur, Guwahati and Hyderabad, occupying ranks 2 to 8, respectively. Notably, Jadavpur University made its debut in the top 10 club at the tenth position, moving up from rank 11 last year.
- In this category, of the top 100, 53 positions are occupied by IITs and NITs.
- While institutions funded and run by the Union government dominate most NIRF categories, state universities outnumber central institutions in the medical category.
- Here, of the top 100, 17 are state universities as opposed to 12 centrally-run and funded institutions.
- While AIIMS-Delhi, PGIMER in Chandigarh, and Christian Medical College in Vellore have been consistently ranked at the top in medicine, ever since the category was introduced in NIRF-2018, IIM-Ahmedabad, IIM-Bangalore and IIM-Kozhikode are the best B-schools, in that order.
- The NIRF-2023 report points out that only 35% faculty in engineering institutes outside the top 100 category have doctoral qualifications, up from 33% last year.
- This is a serious handicap since mentorship received during the doctoral training can play a vital role in preparing the faculty for a teaching career in higher education,” the report states.
- And the average annual salary of engineering students has gone up from Rs 3.5 lakh per annum to Rs 4.5 lakh per annum.
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