- The NIA is the Central Counter-Terrorism Investigation agency which came into the existence on December 31, 2008 in pursuance to enactment of the NIA Act, 2008, on 31.12.2008, with a mandate to investigate serious offences related to terrorist activities affecting the sovereignty, security and integrity of the Country.
- The NIA is investigating the crimes having national and international ramifications and NIA has all-India jurisdiction.
- The NIA started functioning on January 19, 2009.
- The first case was assigned to NIA in June, 2009 and by the end of July, 2017, a total 166 cases have been assigned to the NIA for investigation.
- These cases cover the entire spectrum of terrorism related challenges relevant to India and have involved investigative efforts in 26 States and UTs.
- Out of the 166 breakup cases, 63 cases pertain to ‘jihadi’ terrorism, 25 to terrorist acts by North East insurgents, 41 to cases of terror financing and fake currency, 13 to cases involving Left Wing Extremism while the remaining 24 cases relate to other miscellaneous terrorist acts/gangs. The investigations conducted by the NIA have helped to unearth an entire range of illegal activities involving terror funding to specific incidents of terror involving the killing of innocent persons.