National Judicial Data Grid


  • The Supreme Court recently onboarded its case data on the National Judicial Data Grid.

    • The NJDG portal is a national repository of data relating to cases instituted, pending and disposed of by the courts across the country.

What is the National Judicial Data Grid?

  • NJDG ( is a database of orders, judgments and case details of 18,735 District and subordinate Courts and High Courts created as an online platform under the eCourts Project.

    National Judicial Data Grid
    Source: PIB
  • Its key feature is that the data is updated in real-time and has granular data up to the Taluka level.

Who runs the NJDG?

  • The NJDG was built as part of Phase II of the e-Courts project, which is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
    • With over 18,735 courts computerised across the country, the data is integrated with the NJDG.
  • The platform has been developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) in close coordination with the in-house software development team of the Computer Cell, Registry of the Supreme Court with an interactive interface and analytics dashboard.
    • Currently, litigants can access case status information of 23.81 crore cases and more than 23.02 crore orders/judgments.

How does the data help?

  • NJDG works as a monitoring tool to identify, manage & reduce pendency of cases.
    • Take, for instance, the Supreme Court data.
    • For the year 2023, the total pendency of registered cases in SC is 64,854. But the Cases instituted last month were 5,412 while cases disposed of in the last month were 5,033.
    • This shows that the pendency in SC is largely due to legacy cases since the Court is currently disposing of approximately the same number of cases filed on an annual basis.
  • It also helps identify specific bottlenecks in judicial processes.
  • It also helps generate inputs related to particular areas of law.
    • For example, to track cases related to land disputes, Land Records data of 26 States have been linked with NJDG.

Source: IE

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