- A research found that 50 percent drop out in the orangutan population on the island of Borneo from 1999 to 2015.
- The reasons behind the decreasing population of Orangutan includes-
(a) Hunting by people
(b) Habitation destruction by oil palm, paper, logging and mining industries
- The orangutans are three extant species of great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia.
- Three Extant species are-
(a) Bornean orangutan
(b) Sumatran orangutan
(c) Tapanuli orangutan
- Orangutans currently inhabit lowland forests on Borneo, an island shared by Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, and Indonesia’s island of Sumatra.
- It is the third-largest island in the world and the largest in Asia.
- It is located north of Java, west of Sulawesi (Island in Indonesia), and east of Sumatra.
- The island is politically divided among three countries: Malaysia and Brunei in the north, and Indonesia to the south.
- Approximately 73% of the island is Indonesian territory.