Biodiversity is an inherently international concern. Species distributions and the ecosystem services that they support are not defined by national boundaries. As a reflection of societal interests in those ecological benefits, international organisations have grown up to study, develop, regulate and conserve the systems on which much of human-being depends.
List of International Organisations and Conventions related to Biodiversity
|Organisation and Conventions||Aims and Objectives|
|Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)||Aim to bring the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from commercial and other utilization of genetic resources.|
|Consultative group for International Agriculture Research (CGIAR)||1. It is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food-secured future.
2. Prime objective is to reducing rural poverty, increasing food security, improving human health and nutrition, and ensuring sustainable management of natural resources.
|Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)||Aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.|
|Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)||Aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.|
|International Institute for Environment and Development (MED)||It acts as the links between biodiversity, conservation and local people’s livelihoods.|
|The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture||The prime objective is the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their use, in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity, for sustainable agriculture and food security.|
|Convention on Wetlands (popularly known as the Ramsar Convention)||1. Provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
2. It covers all aspects of wetland conservation and wise use, recognizing wetlands as ecosystems that are extremely important for biodiversity conservation in general and for the well-being of human communities.
|World Heritage Convention (WHC)||1. To identify and conserve the world’s cultural and natural heritage, by drawing up a list of sites whose outstanding values should be preserved for all humanity
2. To ensure the protection world’s cultural and natural heritage of through a closer co-operation among nations.
|International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)||1. Aim to protect world plant resources, including cultivated and wild plants by preventing the introduction and spread of plant pests and promoting the appropriate measures for their control.
2. Provides the mechanisms to develop the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs), and to help countries to implement the ISPMs and the other obligations under the IPPC, by facilitating the national capacity development, national reporting and dispute settlement.
|International Whaling Commission (IWC)||To provide conservation of whale stocks this will help in developing of the whaling industry.|
|International Union for Conservation of nature (IUCN)||1. To conserve our vital biodiversity, this is one of the important wheels of life cycle.
2. It helps the world to find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment and development challenges.
The biodiversity related conventions are based on the premise that further loss of biodiversity is unacceptable. Biodiversity must be conserved to ensure it survives, continuing to provide services, values and benefits for current and future generations.