Panjshir Valley is literally Valley of the Five Lions) is a valley in north-central Afghanistan, 150 kilometres (93 mi) north of Kabul, near the Hindu Kush mountain range.
- It is divided by the Panjshir River.
- The valley is home to more than 100,000 people, including Afghanistan’s largest concentration of ethnic Tajiks.
- In April 2004, it became the heart of the new Panjshir Province, having previously been part of Parwan Province
- It was the site of the Panjshir offensives fought by the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and the Soviets against the mujahideen during the Soviet–Afghan War from 1980 to 1985, when local commander Ahmad Shah Massoud successfully defended the valley from being taken.
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