Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

  • India on Saturday rolled out the long-awaited anti-pneumonia vaccine as part of the government’s Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP).
  • The vaccine will protect children against severe forms of pneumococcal disease, such as pneumonia and meningitis.
  • The vaccine programme aims to protect nearly 270 lakh newborns against 12 preventable diseases every year.
  • Pneumococcal disease is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable deaths in children under five years of age globally and in India. India accounts for nearly 20% of global pneumonia deaths in this age group.
  • The vaccine will give protection against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria which cause pneumonia disease.
  • There are over 90 different types of pneumococcal bacteria which cause a range of problems.
  • Currently, the vaccine is being rolled out to approximately 21 lakh children in Himachal Pradesh and parts of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh in the first phase.

Source:The Hindu

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