Prelims-2016 (Geography Session)-Points to Remember for World Geography-AFRICA

  • Sirocco is a type of hot wind blowing from Sahara  to Mediterranean.
  • Swahili is the oldest surviving African language.
  • The country Zaire has the maximum Hydro- electric  Power  potential  in Africa.
  • The country Djibouti is facing the Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb.
  • Dar-es-Salam is the easternmost terminus of Tanjara railways which begins from Katanga  mineral  belt.
  • Ostrich is the flightless bird of Kalahari Desert.
  • Ethiopia is the place of origin of coffee.
  • Pretoria is the administrative capital of S. Africa.
  • Nilots are the aborigines of upper    Nile.
  • River Zaire is the only river that crosses the equator  twice.
  • Nubian  desert  lies  in Egypt.
  • The countries Ethiopia and Somalia form  the  Horn  of Africa.
  • High Veld is the temperate grassland of South  Africa.
  • Africa is the most tropical of all   continents.
  • Most part of Kalahari Desert lies in Botswana.
  • The Farmers of the Egypt are also called Fellahin.
  • Gibraltar, Suez and Bab-el-Mandeb are three points where Africa almost touches Eurasia.
  • Cape of Agulhas is the southernmost tip    of Africa.
  • Mt Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa.
  • Teff is the highly nutritious crop of Ethio-pian  high  lands.
  • Bab-el-Mandeb  is  called  Gate  of Tears.
  • Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda are the bordering  countries  of  Lake Victoria.
  • Khartoum is the city at the confluence of the Blue  and  the  White Nile.
  • Al-Aziziya of Libya is the hottest place in the  world.
  • Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia are the three Maghreb Republics.
  • Tana is the source of Blue Nile while Victoria is the source of White    Nile.
  • The ‘Great Bitter’ and Little Lake are along the  Suez  Canal.
  • Zaire is a large geographically disadvantaged  state.
  • Lake Assal, Djibouti is the lowest point in Africa.
  • Tuaregs  is  the  nomadic  herders  of Sahara.
  • The Lake Victoria in East Africa is not laying in  the  Great  Rift Valley.
  • Lake Chad is the region of inland   drainage.
  • Cape Town is the seat of legislature of S. Africa.
  • The Rain Forest is the natural region with greatest biodiversity.
  • The South African farmer of Dutch descent is  called Boer.
  • Lourenco Marques was renamed as Maputo.
  • A new country Eritrea was carved out of Ethiopia  during  1990s.
  • River Orange is a boundary between S.Africa and  Namibia.
  • Masai  is  the  pastoral  tribe  of Kenya.
  • In Africa, the best quality iron-ore (magnetite)  is  found  in Liberia.
  • Witwatersrand  is  famous  for Gold.
  • Kimberly  is  famous  for diamond.
  • Victoria Falls was discovered by Livingstone.
  • The countries Ethiopia and Liberia of Africa were  never colonized.
  • Victoria  Falls is on river Zambezi.
  • Victoria Falls is the largest water falls in the world.
  • Akosombo dam is situated on the river Volta.
  • River Limpopo is the boundary between the South  Africa  and  Botswana.
  • Lake Nasser is on River   Nile.
  • Harmattan is hot local wind blowing form Sahara  to  Guinea Coast.
  • Abuja and Dodoma is the new capital of Nigeria  and  Tanzania.
  • South Africa is the island of Gold and Diamonds.
  • Four largest countries in decreasing order of area are Sudan – Algeria – Zaire – and  Libya.
  • Nigeria is the land of oil palm.

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