Prelims-2016 (Geography Session)-Points to remember for World Geography-ASIA

  • Asia is the world’s largest peak continent.
  • Mount Everest in the Himalayas is the highest  in  the world.
  • The Dead Sea in the West is the lowest point  in  the world.
  • The coldest point in Asia is the frozen waste  of  Northern Siberia.
  • Himalayas is the example of young mountain  range.
  • The ‘Takla Makan’ is one of several deserts  in  the  Central Asia.
  • Singapore is one of the world’s densely populated  places.
  • India is the world’s largest democracy while  China  is  a  communist power.
  • The booming ‘Tiger Economy’ has developed in countries such as Taiwan which borders  the  Pacific  Ocean.
  • Norilsk is one of several era industrial complexes built in Russia. It is a processing centre of rich minerals reserves found  nearby.
  • Mumbai is India’s leading industrial city and  has  a  thriving  stock market.
  • Half of the world’s oil and gas reserves are  in Asia.
  • Japan is world’s leading producer of electronic and high-tech goods like computers, cameras  and equipment.
  • Uzbekistan is world’s fourth largest producer  of cotton.
  • China is World’s largest producer of rice.
  • Tropical climate across the island of Southeast Asia produces warm humid condition in which rainforest are   found.
  • The deepest lake in the world is the Lake Baikal and it is also the largest fresh water one.
  • The Taiga forests of Siberian region contain the world’s biggest timber  reserves.
  • Lake Van is one of the shallow salt lakes found  in  Anatolia.
  • The Syrian Desert is mainly rocky which extends from the Jordan valley in the west to fertile plains of the    Tigris.
  • The Dead Sea is situated between the border  of  Israel  and Jordan.
  • The Bedouin tribe is found in Saudi Arabia.
  • The Wadis is a type of river bed and valley.
  • The continent of Asia consists of 60 per cent  of  the  world population.
  • The alluvial river valley of the Ganges  (in India) and the Yangtze and Huang Ho (in China) have the greatest population  densities  of  the world.
  • The type of Agriculture which is commonest in Asia in known as intensive agriculture.
  • More than 90 per cent of the  world’s rice  is  grown  in Asia.
  • Coniferous forests are found in Soviet Union,  Japan  and  Himalayan  region.
  • Monsoon forest is found in Myanmar and  parts  of  south-east-Asia.
  • Equatorial forests are found in Malaysia and  Indonesia.
  • Malaysia is the largest producer and ex- porter  of  rubber  in  the world.
  • Victoria  is  the  capital  of  Hong Kong.
  • East Timor is an island situated between Indonesia and Australia in the Timor Sea.
  • Tsunamis are a type of sea waves which frequently threaten the east coast of Ja- pan.
  • Mount Fuji is a 3,776 m snow-capped volcano and the highest mountain in Japan.
  • The Gobi and Takla Makan desert  are hot in summer and extremely cold in winter.
  • The plateau of Tibet is known as  the roof  of  the world.
  • The arid and sandy Thar deserts lies between the border of India and Pakistan.
  • Mekong River flows through Southern China and Myanmar and  forms  much of the border between Laos and Thai- land.
  • Indonesia is most active volcanic region of  the world.
  • Irian Jaya is a province of Indonesia. Its dense rainforest are some of the lasts unexplored areas on the Earth and are inhabited by many rare plant and animal species.

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