Prelims-2016 (Geography Session)-Points to Remember for World Geography-EUROPE

  • Europe is the sixth largest continent with an area of 10,360,000 sq km.
  • The highest point in Europe is Mont Blanc (4807 m) in the Alps and Mt Elbrus (5633m) in the Caucasus.
  • Belgium and Netherlands are the two small low lands countries very thickly populated.
  • Iceland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark are collectively known as Scandinavia.
  • The Seine and Rhine are the important rivers that join the English Channel and the North Sea.
  • The Volga, which is the largest river of Europe, joins a landlocked Sea named the Caspian.
  • Elbrus is the highest mountain peak in Europe, which lies in the Caucasus.
  • Lombardy in Italy and the lowlands of Andalusia in Spain and the plains of Hungry are the lowlands.
  • More than 700 million people live in Europe and its population is highly urbanized.
  • Rotterdam, in the Netherlands is a part of conurbation, a large built up are with several towns and cities.
  • Temperate type of climate is found in Europe.
  • North European plain is the Europe’s agricultural heart.
  • The Alps were formed when after can plate collided with the Eurasian Plate..
  • Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are together called ‘Baltic State.’
  • Belgium, Luxemberg and Netherlands are called ‘Low countries.’
  • The plain of Flanders in Western Germany has fertile soil.
  • The Burren is a large area of limestone rock in the west of Ireland. Its flat surfaces are known as limestones pavements.
  • The coast of Normandy is lined with high chalk cliffs.
  • The Duero, Tagus and Guadalquivir rivers flow across the Meseta on their courses to Atlantic Ocean.
  • Germany is a leading manufacturer of cars, machinery and transport equipment.
  • Sicily            is    the    largest    islands    in Mediterranean. It has a famous active volcano called Mount Etna.
  • The Po Valley is a broad flat plain in North of Italy.
  • Sicily has Italy’s highest temperature, due to warm African winds.
  • The Poland’s largest river is Vistula. It flows northwards, passing through the capital Warsaw on its way to the Baltic Sea.
  • The Tatra Mountains are small range at the  northern end of the Carpathian Mountains.
  • The Balkan Mountains forms a spur running east to west through Bulgaria and separate the two main rivers, the Danube and the Maritsa.
  • Carpathian Mountain Range is the largest mountain range in Eastern Europe. They are rich source of timber and minerals.
  • Suez Canal links the Mediterranean to the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea. Before it was built, ship had to sail around the whole of Africa to reach Asia.
  • The Atlas Mountains runs through most of Morocco and Algeria. They form barrier between the Mediterranean coast and the Sahara, which lies south of them.
  • The Carpathian Mountains are both the coldest and the wettest parts of central Europe.
  • Tyrrhenian Sea divides the Italian mainland from Sardinia is gradually filling with sediments from the rivers, which flow into it.
  • Poland’s largest river is the Vistula. It flows northwards passing through the Capital Warsaw.
  • Central Europe’s main crops are cereals such as maize, wheat and rye, along with sugar beet and potatoes.

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