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- Europe is the sixth largest continent with an area of 10,360,000 sq km.
- The highest point in Europe is Mont Blanc (4807 m) in the Alps and Mt Elbrus (5633m) in the Caucasus.
- Belgium and Netherlands are the two small low lands countries very thickly populated.
- Iceland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark are collectively known as Scandinavia.
- The Seine and Rhine are the important rivers that join the English Channel and the North Sea.
- The Volga, which is the largest river of Europe, joins a landlocked Sea named the Caspian.
- Elbrus is the highest mountain peak in Europe, which lies in the Caucasus.
- Lombardy in Italy and the lowlands of Andalusia in Spain and the plains of Hungry are the lowlands.
- More than 700 million people live in Europe and its population is highly urbanized.
- Rotterdam, in the Netherlands is a part of conurbation, a large built up are with several towns and cities.
- Temperate type of climate is found in Europe.
- North European plain is the Europe’s agricultural heart.
- The Alps were formed when after can plate collided with the Eurasian Plate..
- Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are together called ‘Baltic State.’
- Belgium, Luxemberg and Netherlands are called ‘Low countries.’
- The plain of Flanders in Western Germany has fertile soil.
- The Burren is a large area of limestone rock in the west of Ireland. Its flat surfaces are known as limestones pavements.
- The coast of Normandy is lined with high chalk cliffs.
- The Duero, Tagus and Guadalquivir rivers flow across the Meseta on their courses to Atlantic Ocean.
- Germany is a leading manufacturer of cars, machinery and transport equipment.
- Sicily is the largest islands in Mediterranean. It has a famous active volcano called Mount Etna.
- The Po Valley is a broad flat plain in North of Italy.
- Sicily has Italy’s highest temperature, due to warm African winds.
- The Poland’s largest river is Vistula. It flows northwards, passing through the capital Warsaw on its way to the Baltic Sea.
- The Tatra Mountains are small range at the northern end of the Carpathian Mountains.
- The Balkan Mountains forms a spur running east to west through Bulgaria and separate the two main rivers, the Danube and the Maritsa.
- Carpathian Mountain Range is the largest mountain range in Eastern Europe. They are rich source of timber and minerals.
- Suez Canal links the Mediterranean to the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea. Before it was built, ship had to sail around the whole of Africa to reach Asia.
- The Atlas Mountains runs through most of Morocco and Algeria. They form barrier between the Mediterranean coast and the Sahara, which lies south of them.
- The Carpathian Mountains are both the coldest and the wettest parts of central Europe.
- Tyrrhenian Sea divides the Italian mainland from Sardinia is gradually filling with sediments from the rivers, which flow into it.
- Poland’s largest river is the Vistula. It flows northwards passing through the Capital Warsaw.
- Central Europe’s main crops are cereals such as maize, wheat and rye, along with sugar beet and potatoes.
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