Prelims In Focus-Part-09

Prelims in Focus

Prelims in Focus, an IAS Abhiyan Initiative to quickly navigate through the important facts, current affairs, static portion to enrich aspirant’s knowledge base along with conceptual clarity. Our Prelims in Focus initiative will surely be an added advantage for UPSC Prelims Examinations. This initiative will help the aspirants to focus to the main points of a topic quickly at the same time. In this initiative, we will cover 10-15 important facts on a daily basis. You can also join our Telegram Channel too to read these articles. Click here to Join. We will continue our Monthly Pre-Bits Flash Liner along with this initiative. 

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Prelims in Focus-Part-09

  1.  The central government fixes MSP of 22 “mandated agricultural crops” and the Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) for sugarcane based on the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP).
  2. It is estimated that women account for two-thirds of the 1.4 billion people currently living in extreme poverty and make up 60% of the 572 million working poor in the world.
  3. Gender Specific Indexes 

    ➖Gender Parity Index-UNESCO
    ➖Gender Social Norms Index- UNDP
    ➖Gender Inequality Index-UNDP
    ➖Gender Gap Report-WEF

  4. Copenhagen Accord

    ➖Document which delegates at the 15th session of the Conference of Parties (COP 15) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

    ➖Drafted by, on the one hand, the United States and on the other, in a united position as the BASIC countries (China, India, South Africa, and Brazil), is not legally binding and

    ➖Does not commit countries to agree to a binding successor to the Kyoto Protocol, whose round ended in 2012.

    ➖Acknowledges that “deep cuts in global emissions are required . . . so as to hold the increase in global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius

  5. 🔹Formosa Strait (Taiwan Strait)
    ➖Joins: South China Sea & East China Sea
    ➖Location: Between China-Taiwan

    🔹Torres Strait
    ➖Passage between the Coral Sea, on the east, and the Arafura Sea, in the western Pacific Ocean.

    🔹Strait of Otranto
    ➖Links Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea
    ➖Seperates Italy and Albania

    🔹Strait of Messina
    ➖A channel in the Mediterranean Sea.
    ➖Separating Sicily and Italy
    ➖Linking the Tyrrhenian and Ionian seas

    🔹Strait of Tartary
    ➖Joins: Japan Sea & Okhotsk Sea
    ➖Located: Russia (East Russia-Sakhalin Islands)

    🔹Tsugaru Strait
    ➖Joins: Japan Sea and Pacific Ocean
    ➖Location: Japan (Between Hokkaido and Honshu Island)

  6. Girish Chandra Ghosh was the editor of an English weekly published newspaper “Hindoo Patriot” in 1853. It was a nationalist publication known for its active role in exposing the oppression of indigo planters in Bengal.

    ➖Director of “Amar Katha: Story of Binodini”

    ➖Left Hindoo Patriot to start another English newspaper named the Bengalee

    ➖Father of Bengali theatre, Calcutta’s own Goethe, as brilliant and prolific as Shakespeare

  7. Metallolophia taleensis
    🔹New moth species that was discovered belongs to the rare genus ‘Metallolophia’, of which only 16 species are known globally and 3 in India

    🔹Distinguished from other species in the same genus by the presence of prominent oval black-edged oval green spot on upperside forewing and smaller spot on hindwing

    🔹Named it ‘Metallolophia taleensis’ after the Tale wildlife sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh where it was discovered

  8. Mela Kheer Bhawani
    🔹The fair of goddess Kheer Bhawani

    🔹Celebration for Pandit community of Kashmir

    🔹The reference of the primordial deity – of goddess Raganya popularly known as Kheer Bhawani can be traced back to the ancient text of “Rajatarangini” by Kalhana.

  9. Djibouti Code of Conduct/ Jeddah Amendment (DCOC/JA)
    🔹 A grouping on maritime matters comprising 18 member states adjoining the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, the East coast of Africa and Island countries in the IOR

    🔹Aimed at the repression of piracy and armed robbery against ships in the Western Indian Ocean Region, the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea

    🔹Provides a framework for capacity building in the Gulf of Aden and Western Indian Ocean
    📌 In News-Recently India joins as Observers along with Japan, Norway, the UK and the US

  10. As per extant RBI guidelines, a Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) account is treated as inoperative if there are no customer induced transactions in the account for over a period of two years


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