Prelims in Focus, an IAS Abhiyan Initiative to quickly navigate through the important facts, current affairs, static portion to enrich aspirant’s knowledge base along with conceptual clarity. Our Prelims in Focus initiative will surely be an added advantage for UPSC Prelims Examinations. This initiative will help the aspirants to focus to the main points of a topic quickly at the same time. In this initiative, we will cover 10-15 important facts on a daily basis. Click here to Join our Telegram Channel to read these articles. We will continue our Monthly Pre-Bits Flash Liner along with this initiative.
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Prelims in Focus-Part-33
➖Launched by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare.
➖Developed by the NABARD.
➖ENSURE Direct Transfer (DBT) will operate under the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries.
➖The objective is to make subsidy transfer process quicker & Faster.
- Bhutan has introduced a “Sustainable Development Fee” for regional tourists following a spike in Indian visitors that has sparked worries for the unique Himalayan kingdom’s cherished ecology.
- Collective farming
➖Model of Kolkhoz system was introduced in erstwhile Soviet Union to improve upon the inefficiency of the previous methods of agriculture and to boost agricultural production for self-sufficiency.
➖The farmers used to pool in all their resources like land, livestock and labour.
➖Farmers were allowed to retain very small plots to grow crops in order to meet their daily requirements.
- Truck Farming
➖Regions where farmers specialise in vegetables only.
➖The distance of truck farms from the market is governed by the distance that a truck can cover overnight, hence the name truck farming.
- ‘United for Biodiversity’ coalition
➖Launched by European commission on World Wildlife Day
➖Coalition includes zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, national parks, and natural history and science museums from around the world.
Note- Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), is formed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
- La Niña means the large-scale cooling of ocean surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, together with changes in the tropical atmospheric circulation, namely winds, pressure and rainfall.
➖In India, La Niña means the country will receive more rainfall than normal, leading to floods.
- Malabar Exercise
➖Multilateral naval exercise that includes simulated war games and combat manoeuvres.
➖Started in 1992 between the Indian and US navies.
➖Japan joined in 2015.
Note- The Malabar exercise this year is especially significant with the participation of Australia, thus covering all member of the Quad, an informal group of the four largest democracies in the Indo-Pacific region
- Himachal Pradesh has Asia’s largest pharma manufacturing hub, that is the Baddi-Barotiwala-Nalagarh industrial belt, and the state produces around half of India’s total drug formulations.
- PM SVANidhi Scheme
➖Funded by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, was launched, with an aim to provide credit for working capital to street vendors who have been affected due to the Covid-19 crisis.
➖Ensures a working capital loan up to Rs 10,000 for vendors, and rewards digital transactions.
➖All street vendors who have been in the business on or before March 24, 2020, are eligible to avail the benefits.
- Jaina Miniature School of Painting
➖In this school excessive emphasis was given on the style and stylish figure of women
➖Use of strong and pure colours, heavy gold outlines, square shaped hands, enlarged eyes were the unique characteristics of this school.
➖Seen in Rajasthani and Mughal Paintings.