Prepare Prelims 2017-Day-24-Government Schemes


The Mega Food ParksScheme aims to provide a mechanism to bring
together farmers, processors and retailers and link agriculture production to the
market so as to ensure maximization of value addition, minimization of wastages
and improving farmers’ income. The primary objective of the Scheme is to
provide modern infrastructure facilities for the food processing along the value
chain from the farm to the market with a cluster based approach based on a hub
and spokes model.

The scheme is demand-driven and would facilitate food processing units to meet
environmental, safety and social standards.

Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research (INSPIRE)

An innovative programme sponsored and managed by the Department of
Science & Technology forattraction of talent to Science.
The basic objective of INSPIRE is to communicate to the youth of the country the
excitements of creative pursuit of science, attract talent to the study of science at
an early age and thus build the required critical human resource pool for
strengthening and expanding the Science & Technology system and R & D base.
A striking feature of the programme is that it does not believe in conducting
competitive exams for identification of talent at any level. It believes in and relies
on the efficacy of the existing educational structure for identification of talent.

Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY)

The Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY) is an on-going National
Program of Fellowship in Basic Sciences, initiated and funded by the Department
of Science and Technology, Government of India, to attract exceptionally highly
motivated students for pursuing basic science courses and research career in
The objective of the program is to identify students with talent and aptitude for
research; help them realize their academic potential; encourage them to take up
research careers in Science, and ensure the growth of the best scientific minds
for research and development in the country.


  • The mission is launched for conservation and development of indigenous breeds in a
    focused and scientifc manner.
  • It is a project under National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development.
  • The objectives of this mission includes Conservation of indigenous breeds and their
    development to improve their genetic makeup, enhancing the milk productivity and
    distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.
  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission is being implemented through “State Implementing Agencies
    (SIA) viz Livestock Development Boards.
  • Scheme is implemented on 100% grant-in-aid basis and throughout the country.


Jeevan Pramaan is Aadhar based Digital Life Certificate for Pensioners. It was
launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 10 November 2014.
It is expected to benefit over a crore pensioners. Jeevan Pramaan will do away
with the requirement of a pensioner having to submit a physical Life Certificate in
November each year, in order to ensure continuity of pension being credited into
their account.
Jeevan Praman has been developed by the Department of Electronics and IT,
Government of India


It is a web enabled system for redressal of consumers’ grievances relating to pricing and availability of
medicines, created by National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA).

The ‘Pharma Jan Samadhan’ scheme has put in place a speedy and
effective complaint redressal system with respect to availability and pricing of
medicines. It would serve as a robust e-governance tool for protection of
consumers’ interests through effective implementation of the Drugs (Price
Control) Order 2013. ‘Pharma Jan Samadhan’ will provide consumers and others
with an on-line facility to redress their complaints relating to over-pricing of
medicines, non-availability or shortage of medicines, sale of new medicines
without prior price approval of NPPA, and refusal of supply for sale of any
medicine without good and sufficient reason. NPPA will initiate action on
any complaintwithin 48 hrs of its receipt.

Bhavishya – Pension Sanction and Payment Tracking System

1. The Bhavishya system will introduce transparency and establish accountability in the
pension sanction and payment process.
2. It will help to eliminate delays and bring satisfaction to the retiring employees and
3. The practice of submitting digital life certificates for continuation of pensions will soon
be done away with.
4. The pensioners have assumed priority since there are more pensioners now than
serving employees, due to rising life expectancy.
5. Govt. is considering various options on how best to utilize the experience of retired
personnel, beyond 60 years of age.


Under this Gramin Bhandaran Yojana or Rural Godown Scheme, government
provides supports to an individual, a company, a farmer , local government,
NGOs and various associations, if they build or renovate rural godowns.

National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS)

The Government of India introduced the scheme from Rabi 1999-2000 season to
protect thefarmers against losses suffered by them due to crop failure on account

of natural calamities. The scheme is currently implemented by Agriculture
Insurance Company of India (AICIL). The schemeis available to all the farmers,
loanee and non-loanee, irrespective of size of their holding. The scheme covers
all food crops (cereals, millets and pulses) and oil seeds and Annual commercial/
horticultural crops. At present, 10% subsidy on premium is available to small &
marginal farmers.

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

a State Plan
Scheme of Additional Central Assistance launched in August 2007 as a part of
the 11th Five Year Plan by the Government of India. Launched under the aegis
of the National Development Council, it seeks to achieve 4% annual growth in
agriculture through development of Agriculture and its allied sectors (as defined
by the Planning Commission (India)) during the period under the 11th Five Year
Plan (2007–11).

The scheme is essentially a State Plan Scheme that seeks to provide the States
and Territories of India with the autonomy to draw up plans for increased public
investment in Agriculture by incorporating information on local
requirements,geographical/climatic conditions, available natural resources/
technology and cropping patterns in their districts so as to significantly increase
the productivity of Agriculture and its allied sectors and eventually maximize the
returns of farmers in agriculture and its allied sectors.

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana

a government-run health insurance scheme for the Indian poor. It provides for cashless insurance
for hospitalisation in public as well as private hospitals. The schemestarted
enrolling on April 1, 2008 and has been implemented in 25 states of India. A total
of 36million families have been enrolled as of February 2014.

In the starting RSBY is a project under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Now it is
transferred to Ministry of Health and family welfare from April 1, 2015.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana

  • It is a direct market intervention scheme of the Deptt. of Pharmaceuticals.
  • Its objective is to make available quality generic medicines at affordable prices to all,
    especially the poor, throughout the country, through outlets known as
    Jan Aushadhi
    Stores (JASs).
  • It also encourages doctors to prescribe generic medicines and reduces unit cost of
    treatment per person.
  • The State Governments are required to provide space in Government Hospital premises
    or any other suitable locations for the running of the JAS’.
  • Any Civil Society with experience of minimum 3 years of successful operation in welfare
    activities can also open the JAS outside the hospital premises.
  • Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the implementing agency which will provide
    one-time assistance in furnishing and establishment costs of the outlet.
  • It is a self-sustaining business model not dependent on continuous government subsidies
    or assistance.

Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana :

Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana is a special social security scheme
which includes Pension and Life Insurance, introduced by Ministry
of Overseas Indian Affairs for the overseasIndian workers in possession of
Emigration Check Required (ECR) passports.
It is a voluntary scheme designed to help workers to meet their three financial
needs: saving for retirement, saving for their return and resettlement, and
providing free life insurance offering coverage for death from natural causes

Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive (PRASAD)

  • It is to identify and develop pilgrimage tourist destination on the principles of high tourist
    visits, competetiveness and sustainability in an integrated manner to enrich tourist
    experience and enhance employment opportunities.
  • Under the PRASAD scheme thirteen sites have been identifed for development, namely:
    Amritsar, Ajmer, Dwaraka, Mathura, Varanasi, Gaya, Puri, Amaravati, Kanchipuram,
    Vellankanni, Kedarnath, Kamakhya and Patna.
  • Under the ‘PRASAD’ scheme the focus is on development and beautifcation of the identifed
    pilgrimage destinations.
  • Whereas, in the ‘Spiritual Circuit’ identifed under the SwadeshDarshan scheme, the
    thrust is on development of particular thematic circuit consisting of various religious/
    spiritual destination in a State and Union Territory.
  • Note – HRIDAY Cities covers all PRASAD sites except Kedarnath and Kamakhya and
    instead it includes Warangal, Badami and Patna. HRIDAY comes under the Ministry of
    Urban Development


Udaan, the Special Industry Initiative (SII) for J&K is funded by Ministry of Home
Affairs and implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). The
programme is a part of the overall initiative for addressing economic issues in
J&K. While steps are being taken by the State and Central Government to
revive economic activity in J&K, Udaan programme is a special initiative to
address the needs of the educated unemployed in J&K. Udaan program is
focused on youth of Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) who are graduate, post graduate
and three year diploma engineers.
The aim is to provide skills and job opportunities to the youth. Simultaneously,
the aim is also to provide exposure to corporate India towards the rich talent
pool available in J&K.

The principal focus of the Udaan programme is to create an ecosystem that
would bridge this gap.
The Udaan programme is designed to encourage corporates to travel to J&K
meet with the youth and hire aspiring youth in J&K who wish to explore
the opportunity to work with corporates. Udaan provides a framework of support

to the youth to travel, undergo training in firms and transit to work.Udaan has two
objectives :
To provide exposure to the graduates and post graduates of Jammu and
Kashmir to the best of corporate India and
To provide corporate India with exposure to the rich talent pool available in the

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