Prepare Prelims-2017-Government Schemes

National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
of the Government of India that provides financial assistance to the elderly, widows and
persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions.

The National Assistance Program consists of five sub-schemes:
Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS)
Eligibility: Individuals aged 60 years and above living below the poverty line
Amount: Rs. 200 per month for beneficiaries aged 60–79 and Rs. 500 per month
for those 80 years and above.

Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS)
Eligibility: Widows aged 40 years and above living below the poverty line.
Amount: Rs. 300 per month (Rs. 500 for those 80 years and above).
Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS)
Eligibility: Individuals aged 18 years and above with more than 80% disability and
living below the poverty line.
Amount: Rs. 300 per month (Rs. 500 for those 80 years and above).

National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS)
In the event of death of a bread-winner in a household, the bereaved family will
receive lumpsum assistance of Rs. 20,000. The bread-winner should have been
between 18–60 years of age. The assistance would be provided in every case of
death of a bread-winner in a household.

Annapurna Scheme
This scheme aims to provide food security to meet the requirement of those
senior citizens who, though eligible, have remained uncovered under the
IGNOAPS. Under the Annapurna Scheme, 10 kg of free rice is provided every
month to each beneficiary.

To involve village communities in the implementation of watershed projects under
all the area development programmes namely, Integrated Wastelands
Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP)
and Desert Development Programme (DDP), the Guidelines for Watershed

Development were adopted w.e.f.1.4.1995, and subsequently revised in August
2001. To further simplify procedures and involve the Panchayat Raj Institutions
(PRIs) more meaningfully in planning, implementation and management of
economic development activities in rural areas, these new Guidelines called
Guidelines for Hariyali are being issued.

The objectives of projects under HARIYALI will be: –
Harvesting every drop of rainwater for purposes of irrigation, plantations including
horticulture and floriculture, pasture development, fisheries etc. to create
sustainable sources of income for the village community as well as for drinking
water supplies.
Ensuring overall development of rural areas through the Gram Panchayats and
creating regular sources of income for the Panchayats from rainwater harvesting
and management.
Employment generation, poverty alleviation, community empowerment and
development of human and other economic resources of the rural areas.
Mitigating the adverse effects of extreme climatic conditions such as drought and
desertification on crops, human and livestock population for the overall
improvement of rural areas.
Restoring ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing natural
resources i.e. land, water, vegetative cover especially plantations.
Encouraging village community towards sustained community action for the
operation and maintenance of assets created and further development of the
potential of the natural resources in the watershed.
Promoting use of simple, easy and affordable technological solutions and
institutional arrangements that make use of, and build upon, local technical
knowledge and available materials.

Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY)
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) is an initiative launched by the
Government of India to provide sustainable income to poor people living in rural
areas of the country. The scheme was launched on April 1, 1999.
The SGSY aims at providing self-employment to villagers through
the establishment of self-help groups. Activity clusters are established based on
the aptitude and skill of the people which are nurtured to their maximum
potential. Funds are provided by NGOs, banks and financial institutions.
Since its inception, over 2.25 million Self-help groups have been established with
an investment of Rs. 14,403 crores, profiting over 6.697 million people.
The Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) was launched as an integrated
programme for self-employment of the rural poor with effect from April 1, 1999.
The SGSY was somewhat intended to provide self-employment to millions
of villagers. Poor families living below the poverty line were organised into Selfhelp groups (SHG)s established with a mixture of government subsidy and credit
from investment banks.

The main aim of these SHGs was to bring these poor families above the poverty
line and concentrate on income generation through combined effort.[1][2][3] The
scheme recommended theestablishment of activity clusters or clusters
of villagers grouped together based on their skills and abilities. Each of
these activity clusters worked on a specific activity chosen based on the aptitude
and skill of the people, availability of resources and market potentiality.
The SHGs are aided, supported and trained by NGOs, CBOs, individuals, banks
and self-help promoting institutions. Government-run District Level Development
Agencies (DRDA) and the respective State governments also provided training
and financial aid. The programme focuses on establishing microenterprises in
rural areas.
The SHGs created may have a varying number of members based on the terrain
and physical abilities of the members. It goes through three stages of creation:

HAMARI DHAROHAR (A scheme to Preserve Rich Heritage of Minority
Communities of India)

A scheme to Preserve Rich Heritage of Minority Communities of India under the Overall
Concept of Indian Culture
1. Introduction :
1.1 Government of India believes in Unity in Diversity which is the basic tenet of
Indian Culture. The Constitution of India grants equal rights and opportunities to
all communities including minority communities of India to profess their religion
and culture. Following the spirit of the Constitution, the Government of India is of
firm conviction that there is a strong need to curate the rich heritage and culture
of Minorities particularly miniscule minorities and supporting calligraphy and
related crafts.
1.2 There are 6 (six) notified minorities in India which have been notified under
National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. They are Muslims, Christians,
Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. Going by Census data of 2001, Buddhists
and Jains have small population i.e. less than a Crore. The Parsis are even less
than a lakh, hence may fall under miniscule minority category.
1.3 There is a general lack of information among people about the rich cultural
heritage of minority communities of India, particularly of Parsis, Christians,
Buddhists etc. Good knowledge about culture and rich heritage of communities
develops better understanding among masses and strengthens toleranceand
social knitting.
1.4 Ministry of Minority Affairs has been mandated to look after all issues related
with minoritiesexcept Law and Order as per Allocation of Business. Therefore
going with the priority of the Government, Ministry of Minority Affairs intends to
launch a new scheme “HamariDharohar” to preserve rich culture and heritage of
minority communities of India.
2 2. Objectives:
2.1 To curate rich heritage of minorities under overall concept of Indian Culture.
2.2 Curating iconic exhibitions.
2.3 Preservation of literature/ documents etc.
2.4 Support and promotion ofcalligraphy etc.
2.5 Research and Development.

Jiyo Parsi, the Central Sector Scheme for containing population decline of Parsis in
India launched on 23 September 2013 by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of

Objective of the Jiyo Parsi scheme

The main objective of the Jiyo parsi scheme is to reverse the declining trend of Parsi
population byadopting scientific protocol and structured interventions, stabilize the Parsi
population and increase the population of Parsis in India.

Main features of the Jiyo Parsi scheme
• 100 percent funded by Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India.
• Medical interventions under Standard Medical protocols in empanelled
• Confidentiality of the patients to be given utmost importance.

Target groups
• The scheme is meant for only Parsis community.
• Parsi married couples of child bearing age who seek assistance.
• Adults/young men/women/adolescent boys/girls for detection of diseases resulting with
consent of parents/legal guardians.

Union Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India on 23 September 2013 launched
a central sector scheme for Skill Development of Minorities.

Main Objectives of the scheme Learn and Earn
• To bring down unemployment rate of minorities during 12th Plan period (2012-17).
• To conserve and update traditional skills of minorities and establish their linkages with
the market.
• To improve employability of existing workers, school dropouts etc. and ensure their
• To generate means of better livelihood for marginalised minorities and bring them in
the mainstream.
• To enable minorities to avail opportunities in the growing market.
• To develop potential human resource for the country.

Key features of Learn and Earn scheme
• Placement linked training programme for modern trades.
• Skills Training Programme for Traditional Trades.
• The training programme also includes soft skills training, basic Information and
Technology (I.T) and English training.
• Project implementing agencies to ensure 75 percent employment and out of that 50
percent in organized sector.
• Mechanism for placement and post placement support.
• 100 percent assistance by Ministry of Minority affairs of Government of India.

The scheme will be implemented for the benefit of the 5 notified minority communities
under National Commission for Minorities Act 1992(Muslims, Christians, Sikhs,
Buddhists and Parsis). However, in the States/UTs where some other minority
communities notified by respective State/UT Governments exist, they may also be
considered for the programme but they will not occupy more than 5 percent of the total

Knowledge, Involvement, Research, Advancement through Nurturing-KIRAN
Union Ministry of Science & Technology announces “KIRAN” scheme announced
for Women Scientists
Indian’s Union Ministry of Science and Technology has announced a very
important scheme KIRAN (Knowledge, Involvement,
Research, Advancement through Nurturing) for helping lady scientists to have a
brighter future in the field.
This scheme aims at bring gender equality to the field of science and technology.
The objectives of the scheme are as follows. The first goal is to increase the
number of lady researchers in the country. Another objective is to provide
research grants, especially to those who are female researchers and
technologists taking a break in their career due to household or domestic
The scheme also aims to bring about as far as possible, gender parity in the
field of science and technology.
Under the scheme, the Union Ministry of Science & Technology will build
leadership positions for women.

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