Prepare Prelims 2017-Important Terms in Rural Development

  • Self-Help Groups SelfHelp Group (SHG) is a small voluntary association of poor people, preferably from the same socio-economic background. They come together for the purpose of solving their common problems through selfhelp and mutual help. The SHG promotes small savings among its members. The savings are kept with a
  • MGNREGA MGNREGA is an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’. It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled  manual
  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana(PMGSY) The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), was launched by  the Government of India  to provide connectivity to  unconnected Habitations as  part of a poverty reduction Government of India is endeavoring to set high and uniform technical and management standards and facilitating policy development and planning at State level     in  order  to ensure  sustainable management  of  the rural  roads  network.
  • Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (PMAY) Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna (PMAY)  is a mission started  with an aim ‘Housing For All’ (HFA) scheme by NDA Government to be achieved by the year 2022, that is when India will be completing its 75 years of  The mission started in 2015 and  will be attained in seven years i.e., during 2015 – 2022. This Housing for All (HFA) scheme is envisioned with the objectives of bringing a ‘Pucca house’ for every family in urban cities with water connection,  toilet  facilities,  24×7  electricity  supply  and  complete  access.
  • Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana is a Government of  India scheme designed to  provide continuous power  supply to  rural     India.
  • Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana- National Rural Livelihood Mission – Aajeevika – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development  (MoRD),  Government  of India in June 2011. The Mission aims at creating efficient and effective institutional platforms of the rural poor, enabling them to increase household income through sustainable livelihood enhancements and improved access to financial services. In November 2015,  the  program  was  renamed  Deen  Dayal  Antayodaya  Yojana  (DAY-NRLM)
  • Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) – Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) is a credit linked subsidy programme administered by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of Khadi & Village Industries Commission (KVIC), is the nodal agency at national level  for  implementation  of  the  scheme.  At state level the scheme is implemented through KVIC, KVIB and District Industries center. Objectives    of the PMEGP are to generate employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas through   setting up of self employment ventures. And to provide continuous and sustainable employment to        a large segment of traditional and prospective artisans and unemployed youth, so as to help arrest migration of rural youth to urban     areas.
  • National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) The aim and objective of National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) is to provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other basic domestic needs on a sustainable basis, with a minimum water   quality standard, which should be conveniently accessible at all times and in all
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) – To  accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage   and to put focus on sanitation, the Govt launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014.   It has two Sub-Missions, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), which aims to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019, as a fitting tribute to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, which in rural areas shall mean improving the levels of cleanliness   in rural

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