- This refers to an ethical argument made by atheists against monotheistic religions like Christianity and Islam which propagate the belief in heaven and hell.
- It states that the conception of hell, where people who sin during their worldly lives will be tortured for eternity in their afterlife, is inconsistent with the usual conception of God.
- Several atheists argue that a God who is said to be kind and benevolent towards all human beings would not condemn souls to eternal torture in hell just because they do not believe in the existence of God.
- Others, like novelist C.S. Lewis, have argued that the conception of hell as such does not disprove God.