- Rajasthan has become the first Indian state to implement the national policy on biofuels unveiled by the centre in May this year. High-power Biofuel Authority approved this implementation.
- Soon, the State Government will release Biofuel Rules for 2018.
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE BIOFUEL NATIONAL POLICY:
- The State Government will be putting emphasis on increasing production of oilseeds
- Further, the State Government is promoting research in the fields of alternative fuels and energy resources
- Biodiesel plant with a capacity of eight tonnes per day has already been installed in the state
- There would be further emphasis on biofuel advertisements by the state government to create awareness about the same
Women’s self-help groups (SHGs) will be created by the State Rural Livelihood Development Council to encourage the use of biofuels.
- If would also help farmers to dispose off their surplus stock in an economic manner and would also reduce the country’s dependence on oil imports.
- It encourages setting up of supply chain mechanism for biodiesel production from non-edible oilseeds, used cooking oil and short gestation crops.
WHAT IS BIODIESEL?
- Biodiesel is an alternative fuel which can be used in place of fossil fuels
- It is manufactured from vegetable oils, recycled grease, algae, and animal fat
USES OF BIODIESEL:
It can be used in diesel-powered cars, trucks, tractors, boats, shipping equipment, irrigation systems, mining equipment, electrical generators and all those applications where diesel is typically used.
- Biodiesel can be used in diesel engines with little or no modification
- It is a renewable fuel
- It can be produced locally
- It is produced through a chemical process called transesterification, in which glycerine is separated from the fat or vegetable oil
The process of transesterification leaves behind two products — methyl esters and glycerine — which can be sold for the preparation of soaps and other products.
- It is biodegradable
- It is non-toxic
- While burning, it emits 60 per cent less carbon dioxide
- The energy that biodiesel produces is approximately 90 per cent of the energy produced by petroleum diesel
- It is also used in non-engine applications such as to remove paint