Rudram-1: India’s first indigenous anti-radiation missile successfully test-fires

Rudram-1-India’s First Indigenous Anti-Radiation Missile

Context

  • Conducting yet another test of a indigenously developed weapons system, the Defence Research and Development Organisation conducted a successful test of the New Generation Anti Radiation Missile (NGRAM) also called the Rudram-1 at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Balasore.

    Rudram-1
    Source: Indian Express

About Rudram-1

  • The missile has been designed to be launched from various fighter aircraft currently in the inventory of the Indian Air Force. 
  • The New Generation Anti-Radiation Missile (Rudram-1) which is India’s first indigenous anti-radiation missile developed by DRDO for Indian Air Force was tested successfully at ITR, Balasore. 
  • The missile has been designed to further enhance the Suppression of Enemy Air Defence (SEAD) capability of the IAF.
  • It is integrated on SU-30 MkI fighter aircraft as the launch platform.
  • The missile has INS-GPS navigation with Passive Homing Head for the final attack.
  • The Passive Homing Head enables it to detect, classify and engage with targets across a wide band of programmed frequencies.
  • Anti Radiation Missiles are primarily designed to track and neutralise the radar and communication assets of the adversary. 
  • Equipped with state of art radiation tracking and guidance system, the missile system has undergone preliminary tests in the past with the help of an operational fighter squadron of the Indian Air Force.
  • This is yet another test of indigenously developed weapons systems in addition to the recent tests of Shaurya missile or Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV), which is an unmanned scramjet vehicle, or the test of flight test of a Supersonic Missile Assisted Release of Torpedo (SMART) system.

Source: Indian Express

Back to Basics

There are 2 kinds of Missiles, Ballistic and Cruise

Ballistic MissilesCruise Missiles
It follows a ballistic trajectory with the objective of delivering one or more warheads to a predetermined target.It is a guided missile that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed.
Target is predetermined. Fit for large targets.Target can be mobile. More appropriate for small mobile targets.
Guided only during relatively brief periods of flight and the rest of its trajectory is unpowered and governed by gravity.Are self-navigating
High altitude. Easy to trackAble to fly in extremely low-altitude trajectory. Makes it difficult to track

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