[Reports and Indices] Rule of law Index 2020

Context

  • Recently the Supreme Court has asked the government to treat a writ petition for setting up expert panels to boost India’s prospects in the Rule of Law Index.
  • India ranked 69th among 128 countries in the latest edition (2020) of the Index.

What is the Rule of Law Index?

  • a quantitative assessment tool by the World Justice Project (WJP) designed to offer a detailed and comprehensive picture of the extent to which countries adhere to the rule of law in practice.

It measures countries’ rule of law performance across eight factors:

(1)Constraints on Government Powers,

(2)Absence of Corruption,

(3)Open Government,

(4)Fundamental Rights,

(5)Order and Security,

(6)Regulatory Enforcement,

(7)Civil Justice, and

(8)Criminal Justice

Definition of Rule of Law

The World Justice Project defines the rule of law system as one in which the following four universal principles are upheld:

  • The government and its officials and agents are accountable under the law.
  • The laws are clear, publicized, stable and fair, and protect fundamental rights, including the security of persons and property.
  • The process by which the laws are enacted, administered, and enforced is accessible, efficient, and fair.
  • Justice is delivered by competent, ethical, and independent representatives and neutrals who are of sufficient number, have adequate resources and reflect the makeup of the communities they serve.