SDG India Index: Baseline Report 2018

Context:

  • According to a first-of-its-kind SDG index released by NITI Aayog: Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu have been ranked highest in terms of being on track to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
  • The SDG Index comprises a composite score for each State and Union Territory based on their aggregate performance across 13 of the 17 SDGs.
  •  The score, ranging between 0 and 100, denotes the average performance of the State/UT towards achieving the 13 SDGs and their respective targets.
  • The average Indian score was 57.
  • The aim of the index is to instill competition among States to improve their performance across social indices as the States’ progress will determine India’s progress towards achieving the set goals by 2030.
  • Using the index, States will be monitored on a real-time basis.

Highlights of the report

  • Kerala and Himachal Pradesh have an SDG India Index score of 69.
  • Kerala’s top rank is attributed to its superior performance in providing good health, reducing hunger, achieving gender equality and providing quality education.
  • Himachal Pradesh ranks high on providing clean water and sanitation, in reducing inequalities and preserving the mountain ecosystem.
  • Tamil Nadu has a score of 66 and is the top scorer on the goals to do with eradicating poverty and also providing clean and affordable energy.
  • Among the UTs, Chandigarh is the front-runner with a score of 68. Chandigarh takes the lead because of its exemplary performance in providing clean water and sanitation to its people. It has further made good progress toward providing affordable and clean energy, generating decent work and economic growth, and providing quality education.
  • Overall, the average score for the States was the worst when it came to gender equality (36), in creating sustainable cities and communities (39), in enabling industry, innovation, and infrastructure (44), and in eradicating hunger (48).

Source:TH