Social Security Schemes for Unorganised Sector

  • According to the survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) during 2011-12, the total employment in both organised and unorganised sector in the country was of the order of 47 crores.
  • Out of this, about 8 crores were in the organised sector and the balance 39 crores (which is about 83% of the total work force) in the unorganised sector.
  • Number of beneficiaries covered under each of the schemes formulated by the Government to provide social security cover to the unorganised workers given below.
  • As per provisions of The Unorganised Workers Social Security Act, 2008, every unorganised worker shall be eligible for registration subject to the fulfilment of the two conditions; he or she should have completed fourteen years of age; and a self-declaration by him or her confirming that he or she is an unorganised worker. Every unorganised worker shall be registered by the District Administration. The State Governments are mandated to register the Unorganised Workers and to provide benefits of welfare schemes other than the three basic social security schemes of the Central Government i.e. (i) life and disability cover, (ii) health and maternity benefits, and (iii) old age protection. It has been the constant endeavour of the Central Government to extend coverage of the social security schemes to all the unorganised workers as per their eligibility. This Ministry has been pursuing with State Governments for formulation of such schemes to achieve greater coverage.
  • The Central Government has also constituted the National Social Security Board at Central level to recommend to the Central Government suitable schemes for different sections of unorganised workers and to monitor the implementation of schemes and advise the Central Government on matters arising out of the administration of the Act. Similarly State Governments/UT Administrations are required to constitute their State/UT Social Security Board to carry out the provisions of the Act.

Name of the Scheme

  • Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme
  • National Family Benefit Scheme
  • Janani Suraksha Yojana
  • Handloom Weavers’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme (Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana)
  • National Scheme for Welfare of Fishermen and Training and Extension
  • Aam Admi Bima Yojana
  • Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
  • Atal Pension Yojana

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