- A rare orchid species — Eulophia obtusa — also known as ground orchid has been rediscovered in India after forest officials and wildlife experts on a routine inspection in Dudhwa Tiger Reserve chanced upon the white flower with bright pink hues.
About the Species
- In India, the species — listed as “critically endangered” in the IUCN Red List of endangered species — was last recorded in Pilibhit in 1902, according to documented records in Kew Herbarium in England.
- The species was originally described from Uttarakhand in the 19th century.
- It was collected by botanists from Gangetic plains but there have been no sightings in the past 100 years.
- In 2008, the plant species was sighted in Bangladesh for the first time.
Tiger orchids in bloom at Kerala’s botanic garden
- Tiger orchids (Grammatophyllum speciosum), so called for their large and resplendent flowers which resemble the tiger skin, flowers in alternate years.
About TIger Orchids
- It flowers alternate years.
- It is endemic to South East Asia (countries like Indonesia, Philippines etc) and is an epiphytic plant.
Tiger orchid is a common name for several orchids and may refer to:
- Diuris sulphurea, native to eastern Australia
- Elleanthus, native to the neotropics
- Grammatophyllum speciosum, the world’s largest orchid, native to southeast Asia
- Maxillaria, native to the neotropics
- Rossioglossum grande, native to Central America
Back to basics
About Epiphytic Plant
- Epiphytic Plant grows on the surface of another plant and derives its nutrients from rain, air, water or from debris accumulating it.
- Unlike parasitic plants, epiphytic plants use other plants as a base and do not harm its host. E.g. Lichens, Algae, Orchids etc.