Standard Notes for Prelims & Mains Exam-2020

Hello Friends,

As per the needs of our aspirants, finally we have decided to launch our new programme/initiative to provide quality  & standard notes to make your UPSC preparation much more simpler like previous years.

We are here to guide you with your preparation and the whole idea behind a new initiative is to be able to cater with the best quality and capability from our side. As IAS ABHIYAN is an open platform for everyone, but today we have started something new and targeted base.

We are glad to say that the followers of IAS ABHIYAN are increasing day by day and we will try our level best to provide you all the necessity to stand and make your dream come true.

So what you will get from this initiative?

History of Ancient/Medieval/Modern:

  • All relevant NCERT’s Compilations (Class 6/7/8/12)
  • Sources: Old NCERTs from R.S.Sharma, Bipan Chandra, Spectrum Modern India History
  • Tamilnadu Class 11th & 12th 

India and World Geography

  • Class VI -XI NCERTs, (New Edition)
  • G.C.Leong Physical Geography

Indian Polity

  • M. Laxmikanth
  • Indian Constitution at Work NCERT-Class-XI


  • All Basic Economics
  • Important NCERTs Compilations
  • Economic Survey 2017-18 Compilations
  • Budget 2018-19 Compilations
  • Government Schemes

General Science & Technology

  • Class 6th to 10th NCERT Compilations

Art and Culture

  • NIOS Compilations
  • CCRT Compilations 
  • NCERT Compilations (Only Relevant)

Environment & Ecology

  • NCERT Biology Compilations (Last 4 Chapter of Class XI Biology)
  • Shankar IAS Environment Compilations
  • Other Important relevant Environmental topics like Biosphere /Tiger Reserves, Environmental Laws/Policies, Conventions etc.
  • Notes from Ministry of Environment

For “Mains”

General Studies Paper-1

Crux on

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. 
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues 
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country 
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country 
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society 
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India 
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. 
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society 
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism 
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography 
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes 

General Studies Paper-2

Crux on

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Source: M. Laxmikanth/Indian Constitution at Work etc

For General Studies Paper-3

Crux on

  • Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Source: NCERT Economics, NCERT Environment, Shankar IAS Environment for Static Portion etc.

For General Studies Paper-4

Crux on

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundation values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s
  • Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues

Source: General Sources

Download Sample of our Standard Notes:

American Revolution


Social Problems in India

Art and Culture

Last thing first-Implementation:

We like to write only one line for implementation:

  1. “Do Anything & Everything to Complete Your Plan.”
  2. This simple principle demands your sincerity towards your goal and this sincerity culminates into consistency, which is the most essential part, after planning, decides your graceful destiny.
  3. Be consistent in reading, revision and the last but not the least, practice.

As per our plan we will try our level best to provide the above mentioned notes/test series/monthly current affairs on time but gathering all the above and not implementing like practice, revision will surely decrease your chances of getting into the selection. So its you who have to implement it. Make you own timetable, read the basic books and at the time of revision prefer our notes. We hope they are the best guidance in your preparation.

Image result for best motivation quotes of vivekanand

For all our beloved, honest and faithful aspirants, these notes will surely be respected and prove productive.

  • Your cooperation in this regard is highly solicited.
  • Think Upon it and act as soon as possible before the time ruins you.
  • So Take a Chance and Don’t Ever look Back from Now Onward.
  • And for the leaking agents– Only one message. You will never be able to do justice in your life whatsoever you achieve throughout. If you cannot respect others hard work and have no ethical values, forget about having the mask of an aspirant. You have no idea what it takes to prepare them or ek second ap sabko ni lagta share karne me! Act like an aspirant a “Real Aspirant”
  • At least think for a while and act accordingly.
  • We can only request you not to do it again.


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