- The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has released a detailed ‘Status of Tigers, Co-predators and Prey in India (2018) Report’on the eve of the Global Tiger Day (29th July).
- The national tiger status assessment of 2018-19 estimated the overalltiger population in India at 2,967 – 33% increase from 2014 (2,226).
- Tigers were observed to be increasing at a rate of 6% per annum in India from 2006 to 2018.
- The largest contiguous tiger population in the world of about 724 tigers was found in the Western Ghats (Nagarhole-Bandipur-Wayanad-Mudumalai- Sathyamangalam- Biligiri Ranganathaswamy Temple block).
- Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
- The Northeast has suffered losses in population. Further, the tiger status in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha has steadily declined, which is a matter of concern.
- Out of 50 tiger reserves in the country, three reserves – Mizoram’s Dampa reserve, Bengal’s Buxa reserve and Jharkhand’s Palamau reserve – have no tigers left.
- Corbett Tiger Reserve (Uttrakhand) had the largest population of tigers at about 231 in 2018.
No Tiger Reserve States/UT in India
🔻Jammu and Kashmir
✔️Madhya Pradesh (526) has the highest tiger population.
✔️Karnataka (524) has the second highest tiger population.
✔️Uttarakhand (442) has the third highest tiger population.
✔️Among the NE states, Assam (190) has the highest tiger population.
✔️Corbett Tiger Reserve in Uttarakhand has the highest number of 231 big cats in the country while three reserves in Mizoram, West Bengal and Jharkhand have none
✔️ Tiger Density Reserves (H-L)-Corbett Tiger Reserve (1)-Nagarhole Tiger Reserve(2)-Bandipur Tiger Reserve(3)
Tiger Related: St.Petersburg Declaration, MEETR, M-STrIPES