Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin

The main objectives of the SBM(G) are: Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation; Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2nd October 2019; Motivate Communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions to adopt sustainable sanitation practices and facilities through awareness creation and health education; Encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation; and Develop where required, Community managed sanitation systems focusing on scientific Solid & Liquid Waste Management systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.

Way Ahead:

  • Behaviour change and usage is at the heart of Swachh Bharat.
  • Swachh Bharat Mission has become a true people’s movement. And this has been possible because of sincere community led efforts and the growing behaviour change amongst the people of India. This shift in behaviour and dedication towards a Swachh Bharat is the fundamental difference between Swachh Bharat Mission and other sanitation programs run so far.”
  • Information, Education and Communication (IEC) plays a pivotal role in bringing behaviour change in the community. To highlight the IEC efforts made by different states, an exhibition on Swachh Bharat Mission IEC material put together by participating states was also organized.
  • Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) is a crucial aspect of Swachh Bharat that needs to be focussed on in order to limit the waste generated by rural India, and to convert it into wealth through proper processing. Sectoral experts in the field demonstrated various innovative technologies being used for SLWM in the country, and underlined the need to scale them further.
  • The Swachh Bharat Mission has achieved newer heights within 3 years of its launch with more than 2 lakh villages and 149 districts turning Open Defecation Free (ODF). The overall sanitation coverage has risen from 42% to 64%. As on today, five states have been declared ODF, i.e. Haryana, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Kerala and Himachal Pradesh.


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