The Philippines formally withdraws from International Criminal Court

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Context:

  • The Philippines announced to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC), a month after the judicial body started an inquiry into President Rodrigo Duterte’s controversial war on drugs.

Other Details:

  • Human Rights groups have long accused Duterte of gross human rights violations in his anti-drug campaign, which Human Rights Watch estimates have claimed the lives of 12,000 people since June 2016.
  • Duterte has long denied the accusations of human rights abuses and contends the drug issue is one for domestic law enforcement.
  • Under Article 127 of the Rome Statute, a state party’s withdrawal from the treaty can only take effect a year after the written notification is received by the UN 
  • The US and withdrew from the Statute years after signing it, while China, and the majority of Asian nations never ratified the treaty and are not part of the Hague-based court.

About ICC:

  • The International Criminal Court is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal which has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
  • its headquarter is in The Hague, Netherlands.
  • The ICC, currently have 123-member states.
  • The Rome Statute is a multilateral treaty which serves as the ICC’s foundational and governing document.
  • Burundi became the first country to withdraw its membership in October 2017.

Source:BS & Wiki