Recently, scientists have found two new species of ginger from northeast.
The Mahabharatha epic describes Bhima, the second among the five pandava brothers, going in search of the Kalyanasaugandhika, a flower with a heavenly fragrance, to satisfy Panchali’s desire.
Scientists have deduced that the mythological plant described by Vyasa is Hedychium coronarium, also known as white ginger lily.
Now researchers from the Malabar Botanical Garden and Institute of Plant Sciences, Kozhikode, have discovered a close relative of Hedychium coronarium and Amomum arunachalense from the northeastern region.
The new species is distinguished from others in the genus mainly by a white rhizome with a pale brown centre.
- It was during a floristic expedition in the eastern Himalayas that the team came across the new species Hedychium mechukanum from a location at Quing and Tato near the Mechuka valley in Shi-Yomi district, Arunachal Pradesh, at an altitude of 1,400 m.
- It was found to be largely similar to other plants of the Hedychium genus found in northeast India and China, but different in several attributes.
- The species was named after the small town Mechuka bordering China.
- The scientists observed that Hedychium mechukanum could be widespread in the region.
- IUCN: Data Deficient.
- Collected from Nirjuli in Papum Pare district, Arunachal Pradesh
- As many as 11 species of the Amomum genus are distributed in the northeastern and southern regions of India and the Andaman and Nicobar islands.