- The state of Jammu and Kashmir bifurcated into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh on October 31. This was the date chosen after the bifurcation was announced in Parliament on August 5.
Beginning of the functioning of the two UTs:
- October 31 will mark the beginning of the functioning of the two UTs at a bureaucratic level. The two union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh came into effect under the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act.
- While Jammu and Kashmir will have an elected Assembly and council of ministers headed by a chief minister, Ladakh will be under the Lieutenant Governor’s rule. Jammu and Kashmir Assembly will be increasing from its current strength to 114. It will have a term of five years, instead of the state Assembly’s term of six years.
- Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir will have five Lok Sabha MPs and four Rajya Sabha MPs. Ladakh will have one Lok Sabha MP.
- The Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir and the Ranbir Penal Code (RPC) have also ceased to exist now from J&K and Ladakh. Indian Penal Code provisions will now be applicable.
- Central probe agencies like the National Investigation Agency and the Central Bureau of Investigation will now be able to take up investigations in the state on their own.
The two union territories will have a common high court. While Jammu and Kashmir will have a Public Service Commission, Ladakh will come under the Union Public Service Commission’s ambit.