United Nations Economic and Social Council

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  • The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC} is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, responsible for coordinating the economic, social, and related work of 15 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions.
  • The ECOSOC has 54 members.
  • The General Assembly selects 18 new members for ECOSOC each year for the term of 3 years with a provision that a retiring member can be re-elected.
  • It holds one seven-week session each year in July, and since 1998, it has also held an annual meeting in April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  • ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues and formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations system.
  •  A number of non-governmental organisations have been granted consultative status to the Council to participate in the work of the United Nations.
  • India is a member country and entered through the council in 2017.