- When no party or pre-poll alliance is able to secure a majority in the election, this leads to a hung Parliament.
- The total number of seats in the Lok Sabha is 543. A party or coalition needs to win one seat above the 50% mark, or 272 seats, in order to form the government.
- If it is unable to do so, the President may invite the leader of the single largest party/alliance in the House to try to secure the confidence of the House.
- In the alternative, the President may invite a combination of parties who, in his opinion, might be in a position to command a majority in the House.