What is ‘anthropocene’ in Geology?

  • This refers to the period in earth’s history when human activities began to have a significant impact on the state of the planet’s ecology.
  • The term was popularised by Dutch chemist and Nobel laureate Paul J. Crutzen in his 2002 article ‘Geology of Mankind’ published in the journal, Nature.
  • Crutzen proposed that the Anthropocene period, which is currently underway, began during the latter part of the 18th century when Scottish inventor James Watt invented the steam engine.
  • It is marked by increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere which has had a substantial impact on the global climate.


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