What is the Foreign Medical Graduates Exam?


  • Students who complete their medical degrees from foreign universities are required to take the Foreign Medical Graduates Exam (FMGE) in order to pursue medicine in India.

What is the Foreign Medical Graduates Exam?

  • The exam is held twice a year for Indians and Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) and is conducted in English language.
  • National Board of Examinations in Medical Sciences, a body under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, is responsible for conducting the exam. 

What is Section 13 of the Indian Medical Council Act?

  • Section 13 of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 states the terms of recognition for medical degrees in India.

    What is the Foreign Medical Graduates Exam?
    Photo Credit: AFP
  • Indian citizens who obtain their primary medical qualification from outside India will be required to appear for a screening test, without which they will not be allowed to enrol on any Medical Register maintained on the national level or by any State Medical Council.

What are the Screening Test Regulations 2002?

  • The FMGE was introduced through Screening Test Regulations 2002 of the Medical Council of India (MCI).
  • These regulations set the eligibility criteria and other details related to the exam as per Section 13 of the Indian Medical Council Act.
  • According to the regulations, only Indian citizens who have obtained a primary medical qualification from a country mentioned in the World Directory of Medical Schools published by the World Health Organisation can appear for FMGE.
    • This directory currently lists 34 operational medical schools in Ukraine.
  • Indian citizens who wish to pursue primary medical qualifications from a foreign institute also have to obtain an eligibility certificate from the MCI for their admission.
  • The eligibility certificate is required for Indian citizens to appear for FMGE later.
  • This is not needed for Indians who obtained their primary medical qualifications from foreign universities before March 15, 2002.

Why do Indian students opt for studying medicine in foreign universities?

  • One of the main reasons why Indians opt to study medicine in foreign universities, including those in Ukraine, over Indian medical schools is the huge difference in the tuition fee.
  • Studying medicine in a private college in India can cost close to ₹1 crore. In Ukraine, a similar degree costs half the amount.
  • India also has a considerably small number of seats available for students to pursue medicine and the competition is intensive.

Source: TH

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