World Population Day 2020


  • World Population Day is celebrated on July 11 every year and is devoted to focus attention on the urgency and importance of population issues.

  • Theme for 2020:How to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls amid the Covid-19 pandemic.

Key Facts

  • As per reports, there were an estimated 7.8 billion people living on Earth as of March 2020, and with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the number is expected to rise due to unplanned pregnancies.

  • Population size fluctuates at differing rates in differing regions, and Asia is the most populous continent, with China and India together constituting about 36 per cent of the world’s population.

  • A recent UNFPA research highlighted that if the lockdown continues for 6 months, and there is major disruption to health services, then 47 million women in low and middle-income countries might not have access to modern contraceptives.

  • This would in turn lead to 7 million unintended pregnancies.

Back to basics

History of World Population Day:

  • The day came about in 1989 when it was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme.

  • It was inspired by the public interest in Five Billion Day on July 11, 1987, the approximate date on which the world’s population reached five billion people.

  • The United Nations General Assembly decided to continue observing the day through its resolution 45/216 of December 1990.

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