World Press Freedom Index 2021

Context

  • Recently, the World Press Freedom Index 2021 has been published by the international journalism not-for profit body, Reporters Without Borders (RSF).

Key Findings of World Press Freedom Index 2021

  • Topped, yet again, by Norway followed by Finland and Denmark, while Eritrea is at the bottom.
  • China is ranked 177, and is only above North Korea at 179 and Turkmenistan at 178.
  • India is ranked 142, same as last year, after it had consistently slid down from 133 in 2016.
    • India shares the “bad” classification with Brazil, Mexico and Russia.
    • India is one of the world’s most dangerous countries for journalists trying to do their job properly.
    • The report has blamed an environment of intimidation created by the nationalist government for any critical journalist often brandishing them as anti state or anti national.

      World Press Freedom Index 2021
      Source: IE

    • In 2016, India’s rank was 133 which has steadily climbed down to 142 in 2020.
  • In the South Asian neighbourhood, Nepal is at 106, Sri Lanka at 127, Myanmar (before the coup) at 140, Pakistan at 145 and Bangladesh at 152.
  • Journalism, the main vaccine against disinformation, is completely or partly blocked in 73% of the 180 countries.
  • Only 12 of the Index’s 180 countries (7%) can claim to offer a favourable environment for journalism.

Back to Basics

About the World Press Freedom Index

  • It has been published every year since 2002 by Reporters Sans Frontieres (RSF)or Reporters Without Borders.
  • Based in Paris, RSF is an independent NGO with consultative status with the United NationsUNESCOthe Council of Europe and the International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF).
  • The Index ranks countries and regions according to the level of freedom available to journalists. However it is not an indicator on the quality of journalism.
  • The parameters include pluralism, media independence, media environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, and the quality of the infrastructure that supports the production of news and information.

Source: IE


Reports and Indices for UPSC 2021 : Click here

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