- The World Sickle Cell Day is observed on June 19 annually to raise awareness about SCD and its treatment methods.
About Sickle cell disease (SCD)
- Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited blood disorder, that affect red blood cells.
- SCD cause a person’s normally round and flexible blood cells to become stiff and sickle shaped, stopping them and the oxygen they carry from moving freely around the body.
- This can cause episodes of severe pain, referred to as sickle cell crises.
- The cells die early, leaving a shortage of healthy RBC and can block blood flow causing pain, severe bacterial infections, and necrosis (tissue death).
- People with sickle cell disorders are also at a risk of complications: Stroke, acute chest syndrome, blindness, bone damage and priapism.