Zika cases in Rajasthan monitored

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Context:

  • Cases of the Zika virus disease have been reported in Jaipur, Rajasthan. The outbreak was detected through the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) surveillance system, said a release issued by the Union Health Ministry.

About Zika Virus:

  • Zika virus is similar to dengue fever, yellow fever and West Nile virus. Carried by infected Aedes aegypti mosquitos,
  • Zika is largely transmitted through bites, but can also occur through intrauterine infection.
  • It was first identified in 1947 in Zika Forest, Uganda from where it derives its name.
  • If a woman is bitten by an infected mosquito and becomes infected, Zika can cross into the placenta and affect the fetus. While anyone can contract Zika, pregnant women are the most at risk due to the potential for fetal microcephaly and other neurologic abnormalities.
  • Symptoms include fever, headache, red eyes, skin rash, fatigue, muscle pain etc.
  • There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available to treat Zika.
  • The best form of prevention is protection against mosquito bites and clearing stagnant water where mosquitoes breed.

Source:TH