Prohibition of E-cigarettes Ordinance 2019

Context The Prohibition of E-cigarettes Ordinance 2019 is being sent to a Group of Ministers as directed by the Prime Minister’s Office. What are e-cigarettes? An e-cigarette, short for electronic cigarette, is a battery-operated device. One of a large variety of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), an e-cigarette emits vaporized Read More …

Marine Fisheries Regulation and Management (MFRM) Bill 2019

Context A Marine Fisheries Regulation and Management (MFRM) Bill 2019 is in the public domain for discussion. Comprehending the Bill’s rationale requires understanding the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreements under which India has obligations to frame laws. Read More …

Sacrificing liberty for national security

Context The amendments to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967 empowers the Central government to name any individual a terrorist if it believes him or her to be so. Background of UAPA UAPA was passed by the Indira Gandhi government to deal with the secessionist Dravidian movement. During the Read More …

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2019

Context The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2019, which proposes to ban commercial surrogacy, was passed by Lok Sabha on August 5. The Bill was introduced by the Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Harsh Vardhan, in the House on July 15. Advertising What is commercial surrogacy? Surrogacy is defined as the Read More …

Transgender Persons (Protection Of Rights) Bill

Context: The Lok Sabha recently passed the Transgender Persons (Protection Of Rights) Bill. Highlights of the Bill:  According to the Bill, a transgender is a person whose gender does not match with the one assigned at birth and includes transman or transwoman (whether or not such person has undergone sex Read More …

Why are States unhappy with Dam Safety Bill?

Context The Dam Safety Bill, aimed at developing uniform safety procedures for all dams across the country, has been introduced in the Lok Sabha for the third time. It was first introduced in Parliament in August 2010 and was referred to a standing committee, which submitted its report in June 2011. Read More …

National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill explained

Context Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan introduced the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill in Lok Sabha. An earlier version of this Bill was introduced in the 16th Lok Sabha, and had passed the scrutiny of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare. However, that Bill lapsed at the Read More …

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment, Bill 2019

Context Recently, the Lok Sabha passed the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment (UAPA), Bill 2019.  What is the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act and its amendment? 1. UAPA Act currently allows the government to designate any organisation as “terrorist” if it believes that it is involved in terrorism. 2. The amendments passed Read More …

Code on Wages Bill

Context 1. Recently, the Lok Sabha passed The Code on Wages Bill, 2019, which aims to transform the old and obsolete labour laws into more accountable and transparent ones. 2. As many as 17 present labour laws are more than 50 years old and some of them belong to the Read More …

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2015

Context: In 2016, a 17-year-old was booked for the murder of his three-year-old neighbour in Mumbai. The Mumbai city Juvenile Justice Board as well as a children’s court directed that he be tried as an adult under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2015. Last week, the Bombay High Read More …