Employees’ Pension Scheme (Amendment) Scheme, 2020

Context The Union Ministry of Labour & Employment has informed about the total enrollments under EPS. About Employees Pension Scheme (EPS) EPS is a social security scheme that was launched in 1995 and is facilitated by EPFO. The scheme makes provisions for pensions for the employees in the organized sector Read More …

Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020

Context Recently the Union Cabinet has approved the Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020 to monitor medical procedures used to assist people to achieve pregnancy. What is ART? Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is used to treat infertility. Assisted reproductive technology includes medical procedures used primarily to address infertility. This subject Read More …

The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation (PEMSR) Act

Context The Maharashtra government has directed all civic bodies in the state to set up Emergency Response Sanitation Units (ERSUs) to ensure safeguards for sanitation workers who clean manholes and sewers, after multiple cases were reported of workers dying from suffocation or inhalation of hazardous gases. Ajay Jadhav explains the Read More …

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019

Context In a recent report, a Select Committee of Parliament has recommended that the contentious clause limiting surrogacy only to “close relatives” be removed from the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019, to make the benefits of modern technology more easily available to infertile couples. A look at the genesis of the Read More …

Vivaad se Vishwas Bill 2020

Context: Recently Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman introduced in the Lok Sabha the much-awaited ‘Direct Tax Vivad Se Vishwas’ Bill 2020 to provide for resolution of disputed direct taxes. About the issues: The tax litigation process in India is time-consuming and cumbersome. A plethora of cases is pending before various appellate Read More …

Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020

Context  Earlier this week, the Union Cabinet cleared a long-pending change to the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 that raises the legally permissible limit for an abortion to 24 weeks from the current 20 weeks. Following the efforts of the Health Ministry, the change also accepts failure of contraception as a Read More …

What is enemy property in India?

Context A Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Union Home Minister will monitor the disposal of over 9,400 enemy properties, which the government estimates is worth about Rs 1 lakh crore. Two committees headed by senior officials will be set up for the disposal of immovable enemy properties vested in the Read More …

International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019

Context The International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019 is likely to be taken up by Parliament for discussion next week. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman introduced the Bill in Lok Sabha on November 25. The Bill provides for the establishment of an Authority to develop and regulate the financial services market in the Read More …

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill-2016

Context : The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 was passed by the Lok Sabha in January this year but lapsed as it was not tabled in the Rajya Sabha. It had proposed to amend the original Citizenship Act of 1955. After returning to power with a majority for another term, the government Read More …

Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989

Context Supreme Court recalled its directions in a March 20, 2018 verdict that had effectively diluted provisions of arrest under the Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. This was following a plea by the Centre seeking a review of that judgment. Background Since crimes against SCs and STs Read More …