Earth-sized alien planet


  • An Earth-sized alien planet orbiting a dim star in our galactic neighbourhood is offering some of the best evidence to date of volcanism beyond our solar system, with observations suggesting a rugged and rocky world tormented by constant eruptions.

Key Details

  • Scientists said the planet, the third detected orbiting this particular star, is likely covered with volcanoes – similar to Jupiter’s moon Io, the most volcanically active body in our solar system. An exoplanet called LP 791-18 d, an Earth-size world about 90 light-years away, is seen in an undated artist’s rendering.

    Earth-sized alien planet
    Photo Credit: Reuters
  • In our solar system, Earth and Venus are volcanically active, as are some of Jupiter’s moons.
  • The planet’s volcanism was not directly observed but rather inferred due to its significant gravitational interaction with the larger of the two other planets orbiting the dim star.
    • Planets beyond our solar system are called exoplanets.
  • It is a planet that does not rotate – with one side perpetually in daylight and the other in darkness.
  • The planet is located in the Milky Way about 86 light-years away from our solar system in the direction of the constellation Crater.
    • A light year is the distance light travels in a year, 5.9 trillion miles (9.5 trillion km).
  • It is slightly larger than Earth and orbits very close to a red dwarf star — a type much smaller than our sun, with relatively low mass and temperature — completing its elliptical journey around it in only 2.8 days.
  • Its surface temperature appears to be slightly warmer than Earth. It is situated on the inner edge of what is called the habitable zone, or Goldilocks zone, around the star — not too hot and not too cold, perhaps able to maintain liquid water on the surface and harbor life.
  • Its orbit is sandwiched between the two other planets – the innermost one about 20% bigger than Earth and the outermost one about 250% the size of our planet.
  • The researchers spotted the planet using NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) and the now-retired Spitzer Space Telescope, as well as some ground-based observatories.

Source; TH

Visit Abhiyan PEDIA (One of the Most Followed / Recommended) for UPSC Revisions: Click Here

IAS Abhiyan is now on Telegram: Click on the Below link to Join our Channels to stay Updated 

IAS Abhiyan Official: Click Here to Join

For UPSC Mains Value Edition (Facts, Quotes, Best Practices, Case Studies): Click Here to Join

Leave a Reply