Diatoms-Combating Fossil Fuels

Context:
  • Scientists from Rutgers University have figured out how Diatoms, small algae that produce 20% of the world’s oxygen, harness solar energy
Key Findings:
  • The discovery would lead to the development of algae based biofuels and relief from fossil fuels
  • The algae store energy in the form of oils.
  • Further understanding this process can release a lot of this oil which can be used as biofuel to drive vehicles
What are Diatoms:
  • They are a major group of algae,specifically microalgae, found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world.
  • Living diatoms number in the trillions: they generate about 20 percent of the oxygen produced on the planet each year
  • They are unicellular: they occur either as solitary cells or in colonies, which can take the shape of ribbons, fans, zigzags, or stars.