What is Blue Water Force?

Context On December 4, Navy Day, the office of Defence Minister Rajnath Singh posted on Twitter: “Indian Navy is the Formidable Blue Water Force. Navy Day Greetings to all Men and Women in White.” In a video presentation about its capabilities, the Navy too, called itself a “formidable blue water force”. Blue Read More …

What NHRC, SC have said on encounter killings?

Context While several voices, including senior officials and public figures, have hailed the killing by police of all four accused in the Hyderabad rape-murder case early on Friday, questions have also been raised over the legality and propriety of the police action. Extra-judicial or “encounter” killings have been a contested and divisive Read More …

Palestine-India techno park

Context Recently the Representative of India to Palestine, Sunil Kumar, released third tranche of funding, worth $3 million, for the construction of a Palestine-India Techno Park. In total, India has made a commitment of investing over $12 million, part of India’s broader framework of capacity building in Palestine. The Indian Read More …

Why ‘carbon market’ is debated

Context Almost halfway through the climate conference in Madrid, one big thing it had to resolve — disagreements over setting up a new carbon market — remains contentious as ever. Carbon markets, which allow for buying and selling of carbon emissions with the objective of reducing global emissions, is an Read More …

Virtual Autopsy

Context It is likely to be possible soon to carry out autopsies without dissecting the body, Health Minister Harsh Vardhan told Rajya Sabha. India will be the first country in South and Southeast Asia to carry out these “virtual autopsies”, the Minister said. So what is a virtual autopsy? In Read More …

Wildlife Crime Cases

Context: In 2018, 388 cases of wildlife-related crimes were registered under the Wildlife Protection Act, according to a reply tabled in Parliament by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. Facts & Figures: In nearly one in every three cases —123 of the 388 — the species involved was Read More …

International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019

Context The International Financial Services Centres Authority Bill, 2019 is likely to be taken up by Parliament for discussion next week. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman introduced the Bill in Lok Sabha on November 25. The Bill provides for the establishment of an Authority to develop and regulate the financial services market in the Read More …

Why Victoria Falls are down to a trickle?

Context The flow of Victoria Falls, with a width of 1.7 km and a height of roughly 108 metres, has been reduced to a trickle due to the severe droughts in the southern African region since October 2018. The falls are fed by the Zambezi river and define the boundary Read More …

Paikas of Odisha

Context President Ram Nath Kovind on December 8 laid the foundation stone for a memorial to mark 200 years of the Paika Rebellion, an uprising against colonial rule that predates the rebellion of the sepoys in 1857, and is sometimes described as the first war of independence. The Paika Memorial Read More …

What is Revenue Deficit?

Revenue Deficit definition:  Revenue deficit arises when the government’s revenue expenditure exceeds the total revenue receipts. Revenue deficit includes those transactions that have a direct impact on a government’s current income and expenditure. This represents that the government’s own earnings are not sufficient to meet the day-to-day operations of its Read More …