Graded Response Action Plan

Context Starting October 15, some stricter measures to fight air pollution will come into force in Delhi’s neighbourhood, as part of the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP). The action plan has already been in effect for two years in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR). What is new in Read More …

Explained: What does bunad mean?

When Norwegian Ambassador Hans Jacob Frydenlund went to Rashtrapati Bhavan to present his credentials to President Ram Nath Kovind recently, he was wearing his country’s traditional folk costume. Called a “bunad”, it is not a single kind of costume but an umbrella term with several regional variations. A bunad often Read More …

What does ‘no dengue deaths’ really mean?

Context Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal tweeted the “stunning results” of his government’s campaign to get people to invest 10 minutes every week to stop dengue mosquitoes from breeding: “The number of cases in Delhi so far is just 356, compared to 650 by this time last year”, he posted; “most importantly, we have Read More …

National Monsoon Mission & Coupled Forecast Model (CFS)

Context The new monsoon model, called the Coupled Forecast Model (CFS), deployed by the IMD under the National Monsoon Mission (NMM) has failed to forecast the excess rainfall received during August-September 2019. About National Monsoon Mission Under the National Monsoon Mission initiative, the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune, Read More …

Mo Sarkar

Context : Odisha Chief Minister Shri Naveen Patnaik launched his government’s new governance initiative ‘Mo Sarkar’ on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti About Mo Sarkar The objective of the ‘Mo Sarkar’ programme is to provide service with dignity to people who are coming to government offices for different purposes. The phone Read More …

Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO)

Context The Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO), a strong international team of scientists, released a series of papers outlining how carbon is stored, emitted and reabsorbed by natural and manmade processes. About Deep Carbon Observatory The Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) is a global community of more than 1000 scientists on a Read More …

Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989

Context Supreme Court recalled its directions in a March 20, 2018 verdict that had effectively diluted provisions of arrest under the Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. This was following a plea by the Centre seeking a review of that judgment. Background Since crimes against SCs and STs Read More …

SpaceX’s Starship spacecraft

Starship is a prototype design of its next-generation spacecraft that will take people or cargo to the moon, Mars or other destinations in space or around Earth. Starship will allow us to inhabit other worlds to make life as we know it multiplanetary, starship has been designed for full, “rapid Read More …

Minor Planet

Context A minor planet between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter has been named after the legendary vocalist Pandit Jasraj. What is a ‘minor planet’? Minor planets are celestial objects orbiting the Sun that are not large enough for their gravity to pull them into a spherical shape. This distinguishes Read More …

Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act (FRBM)

Context States’ gross fiscal deficit (GFD) has remained within the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act (FRBM) threshold of 3% of gross domestic product (GDP) during 2017-18 and 2018-19, a Reserve Bank of India report on State Finances said. About FRBM Act Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act enacted Read More …