SC directs Centre to declare 10 km area around national parks as eco-sensitive

Context: The Supreme Court directed the Union Environment Ministry to declare 10 km area around 21 national parks and wildlife sanctuaries across the country as ‘eco-sensitive zones’. A Bench led by Justice Madan B. Lokur took the initiative after its amicus curiae informed the court that the State governments have Read More …

Year End Report 2018- Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas

Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP)/ Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OALP) This is a paradigm shift from Production Sharing Contract (PSC) regime to Revenue Sharing Contract (RSC) regime based on the principle of ease of doing business. It provides for single License for exploration and production of conventional as well Read More …

A climate ‘rulebook’

Context: Climate negotiators from around the world have gathered in Poland to renew their efforts towards finalising a global action plan to prevent adverse impacts of climate change. The two-week year-end annual meeting, informally called COP24 (short for the 24th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Read More …

New way to characterise thickness of layered 2D materials

Context: The isolation of single sheets of carbon, known as graphene, was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2010. This discovery has ushered in an era of two-dimensional materials. It offers immense possibilities in building electronics using similarly thin films. A family of materials that have been investigated in this area Read More …

Global Nutrition Report 2018

Context: Nobel laureate Amartya Sen has always maintained that “Hunger is quiet violence”, which appears more realistic year by year as India struggles to combat malnutrition. According to the Global Nutrition Report 2018, India is facing a major malnutrition crisis as it holds almost a third of world’s burden for Read More …

Policy Commission of World Customs Organization

Context: The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) will discuss new-age products such as 3D printing, blockchain and drones at the 80th Session of Policy Commission meeting of World Customs Organisation. About the Session: During the sessions, trade-based illicit financial flows and money laundering will be discussed in Read More …

Osiris-Rex mission

Context: After a two-year chase, a NASA spacecraft arrived on December 3 at the ancient asteroid Bennu, its first visitor in billions of years. Importance of this mission: The carbon-rich asteroid Bennu could hold evidence dating back to the beginning of our solar system 4.5 billion years ago. As such, Read More …

Central guidelines for crèches at workplaces

Context: The Centre has prepared guidelines for setting up of crèches at workplaces, which prescribe trained personnel to man the facility as well as infrastructure requirements and safety norms. One more benefit: In March this year, Parliament passed the Maternity Benefit Amendment Act, 2017, enhancing paid maternity leave from a Read More …

Make planning fashionable again

Context: Economic planning is not considered fashionable today. India under Nehru’s leadership: India under Nehru’s leadership inaugurated a strategy for industrialisation of the country in the early 1950s This involved the setting up of public sector units (PSUs) in diverse areas of manufacturing; research institutions in cutting-edge technologies of the Read More …

Soyuz: first manned mission to ISS since October failure

Context: A Soyuz rocket carrying Russian, American and Canadian astronauts took off from Kazakhstan and reached orbit, in the first manned mission since a failed launch in October. About the Mission: Russian space agency Roscomos announced that the capsule was “successfully launched into orbit”. It was the first manned launch Read More …