- Recently India has secured 168 rank in the 12th edition of the biennial Environment Performance Index (EPI Index 2020).
- India’s rank was 177 (with a score of 30.57 out of 100) in 2018.
- The report indicated that black carbon, carbon dioxide emissions and green house emissions per capita increased in 10 years.
About the Index
- The Index was released by the Yale University.
The performance on climate change was assessed based on following indicators —
1.adjusted emission growth rates;
2.composed of growth rates of four greenhouse gases and one pollutant;
3.growth rate in carbon dioxide emissions from land cover;
4.greenhouse gas intensity growth rate; and
5.greenhouse gas emissions per capita.
Poor performance South Asian region
- The 11 countries lagging behind India were — Burundi, Haiti, Chad, Soloman Islands, Madagascar, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoir, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, Myanmar and Liberia.
- All South Asian countries, except Afghanistan, were ahead of India in the ranking.
- India scored below the regional average score on all five key parameters on environmental health, including air quality, sanitation and drinking water, heavy metals and waste management.
- Among South Asian countries, India was at second position (rank 106) after Pakistan on ‘climate change’. Pakistan’s score (50.6) was the highest under the category.
- A ten-year comparison progress report in the index showed that India slipped on climate-related parameters.
- India needs to re-double national sustainability efforts on all fronts, according to the index.
- The country needs to focus on a wide spectrum of sustainability issues, with a high-priority to critical issues such as air and water quality, biodiversity and climate change.
- Good governance represents the most significant determinant of top-tier results.
- Real public participation in the policy process, a carefully structured regulatory strategy, open debate over goals and programs, the presence of a lively media and vibrant non-profits, and a commitment to the rule of law all correlate with out-performance over time.