State Information on Arunchal Pradesh

  • One of the twenty-nine states of India. Located in northeast India, it holds the most north-eastern position among the states in the north-east region of India.
  • Arunachal Pradesh borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east and Tibet in the north. Itanagar is the capital of the state.
  • A major part of the state, formerly called the North-East Frontier Agency, is disputed by China as the legality of the Simla Accord is not recognized by it. China claims most of the state as South Tibet.
  • The state is seen to have major potential for hydropower development.
  • Geographically, it is the largest among the North-east Indian states commonly known as the Seven Sister States.
  • Arunachal Pradesh has the highest number of regional languages in the Indian subcontinent, enriched with diverse culture and traditions.

State symbols

State Bird State Flower State Animal State Tree
Hornbill Foxtail Orchid Mithun Hollong

More Details:

The Gallongs, the Adis, Apatanis, Nishis of this land of the Rising Sun embrace a religion that eulogises nature. The followers worship the Sun and the Moon – the Donyi Polo, literally meaning the Sun-Moon. Sun, the male energy and the Moon, the female energy, watch over the supreme Gods Bo and Bomang.

Abu Tani or Abotani is considered to be the primal ancestor of all the Tani (tribal) groups of Arunachal Pradesh. Kine Nane, Doying Bote, Pedong Nane and Gumin Soyin are the guardian deities that show the path, which is destined for human kind.

The five major rivers of this state, namely KAMENG, SUBANSIRI, SIANG, TIRAP and LOHIT.

Arunachal Pradesh

Bom Di La

Arunachal Pradesh with Bhutan
  • altitude of 4331 m
  • Situated at an altitude of 4331 m near the western boundary of Bhutan in the Greater Himalayas, this pass connects Arunachal Pradesh with Lhasa

Dihang Pass

Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.
  • elevation of more than 4000 m it provides passage

Yonggyap Pass

Arunachal Pradesh with Tibet  

Dipher Pass

trijunction of India, China and Myanmar
  • Easy access between Arunachal Pradesh and Mandalay in Myanmar. It is an important land trade route between India and Myanmar and remains open throughout the year.

Kumjawng Pass

Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar  

Hpungan Pass

Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar  

Chankan Pass

Arunachal Pradesh with Myanmar

Article 371H {Special provision with respect to the State of Arunachal Pradesh}

Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution, –

(a) the governor of Arunachal Pradesh shall have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the state of Arunachal pradesh and in the discharge of his functions in relation thereto, the Governor shall, after consulting the Council of Ministers, exercise his individual judgment as to the action to be taken:

Provided that if any question arises whether any matter is or is not a matter as respects which the Governor is under this clause required to act in the exercise of his individual judgment, the decision of the Governor in his discretion shall be final, and the validity of anything done by the Governor shall not be called in question on the ground that he ought or ought not to have acted in the exercise of his individual judgment:

Provided further that if the President on receipt of a report from the Governor or otherwise is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for the Governor to have special responsibility with respect to law and order in the State of Arunachal Pradesh, he may by order direct that the Governor shall cease to have such responsibility with effect from such date as may be specified in the order;


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