Paikas of Odisha

Context President Ram Nath Kovind on December 8 laid the foundation stone for a memorial to mark 200 years of the Paika Rebellion, an uprising against colonial rule that predates the rebellion of the sepoys in 1857, and is sometimes described as the first war of independence. The Paika Memorial Read More …

Why India celebrates Independence Day on 15 August

Context In 1929, when Jawaharlal Nehru as Congress President gave the call for ‘Poorna Swaraj’ or total independence from British colonial rule, January 26 was chosen as the Independence Day. In fact, Congress party continued to celebrate it 1930 onwards, till India attained independence and January 26, 1950, was chosen as the Republic Read More …

The 19th Amendment and women’s suffrage

Context Exactly 99 years ago, the United States ratified the 19th Amendment to its Constitution to remove the gender bar on the right to vote, causing the largest-ever peaceful expansion of the country’s voting population in history. The 19th Amendment, ratified on August 18, 1920, and formally proclaimed on August Read More …

Co-operative Movement in Pre & Post-Independence era

Co-operative Movement in pre-Independence era The term cooperative Societies came into existence when the farmers of Poona and Ahmednagar spearheaded an agitation against the money lenders who were charging exorbitant rates of interest. Hence, British government came forward and passed three acts- the Deccan Agriculture Relief Act (1879), the Land Read More …

12 facts about the man who united India

1. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, born on October 31, 1875, was a political and social leader of Indiawho played a major role in the country’s struggle for independence and subsequently guided its integration into a united, independent nation. 2. As the first home minister and deputy prime minister of India, Patel organised relief for refugees Read More …

Swami Dayananda Saraswati

Swami Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of the Arya Samaj, was one of the makers of modern India. With an indigenous orientation, he wanted to bring a new social, religious, economic and political order in India. Taking inspiration from Veda, he criticized evil practices like idolatry, caste system, untouchability etc. as Read More …

In Good Faith: Sarvodaya for polarised times

It is an axiom that a nation can forget its great leaders only at its own peril. Indeed, some leaders have a far-reaching influence on the nation in its onward march, as they serve as a lighthouse. If there ever was one leader in modern India in whom the characteristic Read More …

Why Shastri matters today

Context: We pay homage to our heroes and great leaders on their birth anniversaries. More often than not, such events pass in a ritualistic manner. But at times, the nation must not only pay homage to its leaders, but also make the younger generation aware of their stellar contribution to Read More …

45th anniversary of the Chipko movement

Context: Google commemorated the 45th anniversary of the Chipko movement, the non-violent agitation of 1970 aimed at protection and conservation of trees, with a doodle. Background of the Movement: The uprising against the felling of trees and maintaining the ecological balance originated in Uttar Pradesh’s Chamoli district (now Uttarakhand) in Read More …

Manikarnika, the legendary queen of Jhansi

Manikarnika or Manu Bai is the maiden name of Rani Laxmibai. She was born in November 1828 at Varanasi to a family of Maharashtrian Brahmins. Her rise to the peak of Indian historical glory, however, begins only after she gets married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar Read More …