Peshawar’s Qissa Khwani Bazaar massacre

Context The Khudai Khidmatgar was a non-violent movement against British occupation of the Indian subcontinent led by Abdul Ghaffar Khan, a Pashtun freedom fighter, in the North-West Frontier Province. Qissa…

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Why India celebrates Independence Day on 15 August

Context In 1929, when Jawaharlal Nehru as Congress President gave the call for ‘Poorna Swaraj’ or total independence from British colonial rule, January 26 was chosen as the Independence Day. In fact,…

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Co-operative Movement in Pre & Post-Independence era

Co-operative Movement in pre-Independence era The term cooperative Societies came into existence when the farmers of Poona and Ahmednagar spearheaded an agitation against the money lenders who were charging exorbitant…

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