Prelims In Focus-Part-03

Prelims in Focus

Prelims in Focus, an Abhiyan Initiative to quickly navigate through the important facts, current affairs, static portion which is short and to the point to enrich your knowledge base along with conceptual clarity. Our Prelims in Focus initiative will be an added advantage to clear UPSC Prelims Examinations. We will continue our Monthly Pre-Bits Flash Liner along with this initiative. In this initiative, we will cover 10-15 important facts on a daily basis. You can join our Telegram Channel too to read these articles. Click here to Join.

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Prelims in Focus-Part-03

  1. Project Panchdeep is a project to provide health and social security services to members of ESIC through a national digital network.

    ✔️Implementing Organization- Employee’s State Insurance Corporation, Ministry of Labour

  2. Florianopolis Declaration
    ➖Enshrines the importance of whales in the global ecosystem, and the International Whaling Commission as a conservation body
    ➖Non-binding agreement
    Note: The IWC already recognises two whaling sanctuaries – one in the Indian Ocean and the other in the waters of the Southern Ocean around Antarctica.
  3. Bharati Script
    ➖Developed by IIT Madras using a multi-lingual optical character recognition (OCR) scheme
    ➖Unified script for nine Indian languages
    ➖Include Devnagari, Bengali, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Tamil
    ➖Characters are made up of three tiers stacked vertically
    ➖Consonant at the root of the letter is placed in the centre and the modifiers are in the top and bottom tiers
    ➖In general, 17 vowels and 22 consonants
  4. Red Sanders
    ➖Endemic to South India

    ➖Found in the Tropical Dry Deciduous forest of the Palakonda and Seshachalam hill ranges of Andhra Pradesh and also found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka

    ➖IUCN:Near threatened
    🔺Sandalwood Spike Disease (SSD)

    ➖Most severe in MM Hills (Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary)
    ➖Caused by bacteria
    ➖No cure as of now for the infection
    ➖Felling of green trees

  5. Stockholm Declaration

    🔹Building on the Moscow Declaration of 2009 and the Brasilia Declaration of 2015, UN General Assembly and World Health Assembly resolutions, the Stockholm Declaration is ambitious and forward-looking and connects road safety to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

    🔹The Stockholm Declaration also reflects the recommendations of the conference’s Academic Expert Group and its independent and scientific assessments of progress made during the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 and its proposals for a way forward.

  6. Stockholm Conference
    🔹The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference) was an international conference convened under United Nations auspices held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5-16, 1972.

    🔹It was the UN’s first major conference on international environmental issues, and marked a turning point in the development of international environmental politics.

    🔹India-Canada Centre for Innovative Multidisciplinary Partnerships to Accelerate Community Transformation and Sustainability)

    🔹First, and Only, Canada-India Research Centre of Excellence established through the Canadian Networks of Centres of Excellence (NCE) as a new Centre dedicated to the development of research collaborations between Canada and India.

  8. 🔹India has the Second largest Emerging Green Bond Market after China. The SBI entered the market with an US$650 million Certified Climate Bond.

    🔹India also joined International Platform on Sustainable Finance (IPSF) in 2019 to scale up the environmentally sustainable investments.

  9. International Platform on Sustainable Finance (IPSF)
    ➖Launched by European Union together with relevant authorities from Argentina, Canada, Chile, China, India, Kenya, and Morocco.

    ➖Part of the international efforts to meet the Paris Agreement commitments.

    ➖Focus on environmentally sustainable initiatives in particular in the areas of taxonomies, disclosures, standards and labels, which are fundamental for investors to identify and seize green investment opportunities worldwide.

    ➖Supported by the Coalition of Finance Ministers for Climate Action, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the European Investment Bank, the International Organisation of Securities Commissions, the Network for Greening the Financial System, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the United Nations Environment Programme – Finance Initiative, in their role of observers.

  10. ICoSDiTAUS-2020
    🔹International Conference on Standardisation of Diagnosis and Terminologies in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha Systems of Medicine

    🔹Jointly organized by the Ministry of AYUSH and the WHO at New Delhi

    🔹Adopted the “New Delhi Declaration on Collection and Classification of Traditional Medicine (TM) Diagnostic Data”

    🔹Sought the opportunity for including traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of WHO

  11. Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF)
    ➖Viral haemorrhagic fever usually transmitted by ticks

    ➖Contracted through contact with viraemic animal tissues (animal tissue where the virus has entered the bloodstream) during and immediately post-slaughter of animals

    ➖Transmitted from one animal to another through ticks and affects humans when they either come in contact with the blood of an infected animal or eat its meat

    ➖If not treated on time, can cause the death us of the affected person

    ➖Symptoms-high fever, back pain, joint pain, headache, stomach pain, and vomiting

    ➖No specific treatment option available for Congo fever. Also, there is no vaccine available for use in animals.

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